Created Tuesday, June 30, 2009 

 Biblical Chronology of the Kings
Judean and Israelite Lines together


Sub-headings:
Intro
Ye of Little Faith
Things to Note With Israelite Kings

All Kings of Israel   (the whole chart)
Why Synchronizations Didn't Match

Related Articles


Intro

I created this page, not for myself, as I have a complete faith and trust in the Word of God and its content being protected to a degree that allows a good understanding of God and His purposes as well as understanding His coded prophetic messages to us. If there is something I do not quite understand, I am willing to leave it aside till perhaps a day arrives when it will become clear to me and others or when God chooses to further explain it in His Kingdom. But though that is said, every message put in was intended to be understood eventually or Jehovah, our Father, and the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, would not have put it in there. But understanding the Kings of both Judah and Israel help verify the Judean linage and chronology of its kings at one important point during and after Jehoshaphat and his son.

But it should also be understood that the Bible was never made to be easy to understand, so that no effort would be required to gain an understanding. Almost to the opposite, God made it challenging enough that in order to "get it," we would need to apply constant effort and diligence. This is important because for anyone who seeks to live in God's Kingdom, it requires a fair amount of certain personality traits, one of them being a willingness to expend great effort for something important and valuable. Patience, kindness, and others also are required in adequate quantities but not being lazy and being willing to work are important.

Further, it was necessary to code the messages to us. In doing this, it was very important that the code be strong and rigorous enough that none of God's enemies would detect any serious message at all. This by itself is quite a challenge but one that God can easily accomplish. If enemies of God had ever believed that their diabolical plans were being revealed and given away in the Bible, they would have banned and burned it a long time ago. So it does have the appearance of being perhaps old wives tales or silly imagery of someone perhaps a little given to some good drugs or the like. That was the plan! But wise people know that these are no ordinary words coming to them. So over the centuries they have sought to understand the meaning God was trying to convey.

But it had been warned to Daniel that it would not be understood until right near the very end. It would have to wait that long so that everyone of God's chosen ones would have a chance to get informed before the Bible and some of its teachers were taken away and God's people were perhaps imprisoned for 3.5 years roughly. As events unfolded, these symbolic messages from God would help Christians to understand the connections between prophecy and real life events. In addition, computers would make writing and Bible research easier and facilitate more minds working on the puzzles of the Bible and publishing them, such as little old me. And the internet has also been a valuable tool, not only for the devil and his followers, but for God's people as well.

The internet would allow enough info to get out in time to prepare God's people so we must be getting very near. I believe understanding of God's intentions are becoming clear in the last few years and will become more so soon. We should not be slow to learn all we can as fast as we can for our testing is drawing near and soon we may not have the Bible, the internet, or even our freedom and in the case of some, not even their lives. Though many in the USA and other such "democracies" do not believe such a bitter and violent persecution could take place, God's word assures us that it will. These countries who pretend to be so benevolent and righteous shall show their true colors and do the works of their father, the devil.

The kings of Judah and Israel have been perplexing, even to those who believe in God, for there appear to be discrepancies that do not allow the King Lists of Judah and Israel to match up precisely, or so it would seem. And as people have tried over the centuries, particularly since James Ussher and Isaac Newton onward, an understanding of what took place during the days of the kings has become clearer, as we would expect. I believe there are significant improvements that have come to light and so I am publishing this so people can see that there actually is a good harmony, once the average man or woman understands a few things that initially confused us so long.

But why is Chronology important you ask? And why the Chronology of the 2 Kingly lines?

There is a lot in both that is not obvious without some thought. First, there really is a solid sound chronology of the Bible that can be obtained and it can be verified by Science in a most amazing and convincing manner. But had God's enemies known this Chronology in advance, they would have avoided it or even buried and suppressed it, even as they have done with so much "real true" science, medicine, history, and politics. So Chronology remained elusive by God's plan, even as prophecy has, so that the science could come first, and without any prejudice toward dates or times that might support the Bible. And the lineages of the kings are often the fulfillment of prophecy in themselves.

It was better, from the standpoint of God, that for most of the time the Bible existed, that it appear as if the Bible was a bunch of contradictory non-sense. That way, the Bible would not be seen as a threat and would be left alone, since it message was so concealed from any interpretation until the proper time arrive.

But in addition, understanding that the kings really do match up, perhaps even perfectly or nearly so, suddenly changes the credibility of the Bible in a more positive direction. It is no longer non-sense. And the kings are a critical period for arriving at a precise chronology. But I did put the Kings Chronology in a separate page, even as I did for Jesus and the Judges, so that I would not distract from my main purpose in my main page on Chronology, establishing a sound concise result. That page was designed to show exactly how the Bible Chronology was determined for the entirety of man's existence so that anyone could examine what scriptures were used or not, and why. Then you can also check my math, which might not be a bad idea, either. I am not perfect by any means. And we are all in this together, anyway, aren't we?

It is one thing to give people a bunch of numbers and say this is when this happened. But that is meaningless unless you show them why those numbers are correct and trustworthy. When I first began doing chronology, there was little to nothing on the net in 1999. In fact, so void was it out there, that when I put my timeline up, I actually was getting a few hits and people linking to it. I think this caused some of my enemies, the enemies of God, to get lots of people in or related to their "network" of buddies to publish crap on Chronology so that no one would make it to mine. My site would be lost in a vast sea of alternatives so that few might arrive at my site. It worked pretty good as I see it. I have been drowned out by lots of junk info. But I'm still the best ;-) And I'm so humble about it, too, aren't I? ;-)

So if you want understand both kingly lineages, you got it! But I leave the kings of Israel out of my main Chronology so that too much information does not defeat my main purpose there. And one more thing. In time, I hope to put out a timeline chronology of events affecting Christianity from the time of Jesus to just before the Industrial Revolution. We might call this the age of Apostasy. But that is for the future and God to aid, should He will it. So lets consider these Kings of Judah and Israel, a period that has been so difficult to interpret in the past. 


Ye of Little Faith
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In a word, many interpreters, including many who called themselves Christians, were quick to abandon what God's world stated clearly and unequivocally, in favor of perhaps very suspect Assyrian Chronology put together by "experts and authorities" who could not possibly be wrong! Right? 2nd, many did not fully understand the goals accomplished by the writers of Kings (Jeremiah) and Chronicles (Ezra). From my careful study of these, it became clear to me that the Judean kingly line of David was the one God was protecting and preserving and which was fulfilling God's promise and had His priesthood and temple serving Him and His concerns . . . for our benefit.

The Kingly line of David was protected and preserved, and was, to a far greater degree, more stable and loyal to God. This line would establish the continued carrying-out of God's will, and also, continue to establish God's chronology, which is actually quite a bit more important than it might seem to many. But by Him not making it even close to being obvious, He kept His real intentions and purposes concealed until the proper time. God puts one over on all the so called brilliant ones of the earth.

So if one wants an accurate chronology, one must use the Judean Kings exclusively for this task. After that, one may compare the Israelite King line for further verification and establishment of prophecy such as the 390 years for Israel of Ezekiel 4. But it is the Judean timeline which ultimately verifies the time of Christ appearing, but how God carefully concealed this one is almost too amazing. But we will get to that eventually in the Chronology of Christ article. Of course, you'll want to read it! Right?

Bible Chronology also helps to solve some fascinating mysteries in the archaeological world and in the chronologies of history. Yes, I have done much studying in those areas and am qualified and capable of addressing them, and perhaps far better than many secular authorities ever could. I got the secret code that they don't. But you will have to wait until I got those written up. I had to complete my Bible Chronology before I could ever really begin on secular history and timelines. That time appears to have arrived. So lets take a look, shall we?


Things to Note With Israelite Kings
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You will note as you look down the list right now, that there are far more many dates for Israel than Judah. There are more kings in Israel, due to 8 assassinations or battle deaths and more upheaval in general. Again, Israel had left God in leaving the temple worship of Jerusalem and changing what God had put in place. You'll find that mentioned through the accounts of the Kings and Chronicles. Judah had God's special protection and it is mentioned specifically in 2nd Kings 8 and 2nd Chronicles 15.

2 Chronicles 15:
8  And when Asa heard these words, and the prophecy of Oded the prophet, he made himself strong
    and removed the hateful idols out of the land of Judah and Benjamin; and out of the cities that
    he had captured from the hills of Ephraim. And he restored the altar of Jehovah that was before the porch of Jehovah.
9  And he gathered all Judah and Benjamin, and the strangers with them out of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and out of Simeon.
    For they had fallen to him in abundance from Israel when they saw that Jehovah his God was with him.

[{ Note that a number of the people of Israel in the tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh, and Simeon were brought around to Judah and worshipping in Jerusalem as Jehovah had ordered. People continued to come to Jerusalem out of Israel.  Many in Israel were  coming into Judah and to Jerusalem to worship so Baasha tried to set up a blockade to stop it, sort of like a Berlin Wall, you might say. I don't know how well it worked. But this interlude accomplished 2 things from Jehovah's perspective. First, it reinforced His will and the importance of Jerusalem and Jerusalem only! 2nd, it strengthened Judah, population wise and esteem wise, too. It also put the kings of Israel in their place to some degree. God was determined to preserve Judah and Jerusalem until His son should arrive to fulfill his and his Father's ultimate will. }]

2 Chronicles 15:
10  And they were gathered to Jerusalem in the third month of the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa.
11  And they sacrificed to Jehovah on that day, from the plunder they had brought in,
      seven hundred oxen and seven thousand sheep.
12  And they entered into the covenant to seek Jehovah the God of their fathers with all their heart
      and with all their soul.
13  And everyone who did not seek after Jehovah the God of Israel was put to death, from the small to the great,
      from man and to woman.
14  And they swore to Jehovah with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with ramsí horns.
15  And all Judah rejoiced on the oath, for they had sworn with all their heart; and they sought Him with all their desire.
      And He was found by them. And Jehovah gave rest to them all around.

2 Kings 8:
16  And in the fifth year of Jehoram the son of Ahab the king of Israel , and Jehoshaphat was king of Judah,
      Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat, the king of Judah , reigned.
17  And he was a son of thirty two years when he began his reign. And he reigned eight years in Jerusalem
18  And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel , as the house of Ahab had done, for a daughter
      of Ahab was his wife. And he did that which was evil in the eyes of Jehovah.
19  And Jehovah was not willing to destroy Judah , for His servant Davidís sake,
      as He had said to give him a lamp to his sons forever.
20  In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah , and they caused a king to reign over them.

Jehovah went easy on Judah for He had more important things to accomplish than to punish Jehoram of Judah at that time. But God did allow more troubles to come about for Jehoram.

There were always assassinations and coupes going on. In addition, you had particularly ruthless and violent kings like Menahem near the end of Israel's line.
2 Kings 15:16  Then Menahem struck Tiphsah, and all who were in it, and its borders from Tirzah,
                        
for it did not open, and he struck it; he ripped up all its pregnant women.

He ruthlessly attacked everyone in Tiphsah, bordering the old capitol of Tirzah, for not letting him in as he demanded, and he cut open all the pregnant women. So rulers and the people were getting real nasty by this time in Israel.

Israel begins when Reheboam, son of Solomon and king of Judah, decided to "get tough" with his subjects and so they break away from Judah in the beginning of Reheboam's reign, in 977 BC. Israel Falls and its people are taken away in 720 BC. Israel lasts exactly 390 years, fulfilling Ezekiel 4's pronouncement of judgment. Israelite kings reigned from Tirzah for many years and then moved the capitol to Samaria in the days of Omri and Asa.

1 Kings 16:
23 In the thirty first year of Asa the king of Judah, Omri began to reign over Israel, twelve years.
     He reigned six years in Tirzah;
24 then he bought the hill Samaria from Shemer with two talents of silver, and built the hill,
     and called the name of the city that he built by the name of Shemer, the owner of the hill, that is Samaria.

All the reigns of the kings of Israel are given the year of a Judean king for their start, emphasizing the preeminence of the Judean king line and dates in the eyes of God. There are a couple places where Judean kings are also referenced to an Israelite king's year, but that is in addition to also being referenced to a Judean king's years as well. Overall, the Judean kings are the gold standard for dates, stability, certainty, and reliability; protected by the very hand of the Father, Himself.

You will note that Zimri of IS was said to fulfill God's word and will in wiping out the family line of Jeroboam. Yet, Israel was outraged at this good king and quickly appointed Omri to be their leader rather than one who did the will of God. Israel seemed to despise anything good or Godly. Zimri was killed after just 7 days! It is not surprising that most of the days of Israel were filled with killings and violence with one overthrow after another. So God used Assyria to deal with wicked Israel while preserving Judah for the sake of His long term goals for Judah and mankind.

Another problem encountered when trying to make the reigns of the kings of Judah and Israel match is that both lines had different new years and starting dates of kings, about 6 months apart from each other, with Judah beginning their year about April and Israel starting theirs about October, like it was before the Flood or Exodus. Further, if an event or kingly beginning were to take place late in the said year of a king, it could place the other king a year later whereas if it was early in the year, then even though it is the same year, it could lessen the other king by a year. So depending on what time of the year of such and such a king that another began, and the time of year varying from king to king, one can vary by as much as 2 years at any given juncture. But if one adopts a strict rule such as me, by assuming a full year when it says "in the year of," it manages to keep about even, sometimes being a year too much or a year too little. It works out overall without getting into months and approximate times of the year of a king, since those are seldom given anyway.


All Kings of Israel
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I do not believe it was God's intention to get very technical in His wording as to dates of reigns. Chronology provides a reliable framework by which we can place events and determine prophecy. Some have gotten into months and aligned various types of years and months of Judah, Israel, Assyria, Babylon, Rome and it can get pretty hairy and many could and can, get lost or confused and I think it works best and easiest by applying a rule that reduces complexity and simplifies things. As Einstein put it, there is truth in simplicity. This is pretty much the spirit of Occam's Razor as well, which suggests the simplest solution is usually the correct one.

And it is not that calculating months does not work. It does. It can usually explain why dates might be off by as much as 2 years as they sometimes are in my less precise accounting. But my accounting is short, concise, and very easy to keep up with and understand due to its brevity. I believe this is the most important goal in the end. And I note for instance, that between my chronology and F N Jones' chronology, his and my AA's differ at most by 2 years due to the years of  Jehoram to Jehoash of Judah and my AA's and BC's vary by 2 more years than his. Our main difference occurs with Ahaziah and Athaliah. I'll address those when we get there.

I am putting up the whole Chronology in one big table that you can come back to and analyze and get a total picture of. But then I will deal with pieces of it afterward, so that you can better understand my reasons for what I have written. Matters with Israelite kings are in blue/green and their king's names have an IS on the end to distinguish them from the Judean kings in black.

AA is After Adam and tracks time from the very beginning of man, not to be confused with the creation of the heaven and the earth, done much earlier. Tracking AA also allows error checking as one critic pointed out to me so I adopted it. I'll take good advice from wherever I can get it. Some Chronologists like Ussher, use AM rather than AA but I don't think too many people speak Latin anymore and believe they will better understand and remember AA as being related to Adam.

AF is After Flood. The Flood was a major interruption and beings a new cycle and beyond that, makes tracking time from that point onward easier.
EX counts time from the beginning of the EXodus when Israel became a nation, and also established a model that Christ's own sacrifice would follow, and possibly a model in many ways for the final days before God's judgment.
BC is rather obvious, isn't it?

I could have tracked Before Present but all you have to do is add another column in MS Excel and reverse the order of AA and paste it into the new column. But BP is used by secular Chronologists to denote before 1950, because that was when nuclear bomb testing began which dramatically increased the amounts of Carbon 14 in the environment so that dates measuring events after 1950 reflect higher levels of Carbon 14, than would have been reflected on things existing prior to 1950. I have no real use for BP in this since most Christians prefer a BC reference. But in time, BP will certainly show up as we branch into secular academics.

I note kings who were assassinated or killed in battle with a pound sign # after their names. My kings of Israel will vary with their Judean counterparts by as much as 2 years either way. This seems to even out with those who prefer much more exact calculations down to the month. But as I see it, only the kings of Judah are carefully accounted for in a consistent way by the same method.

Jones and I diverge by 1 year at AA 3049. Jones says 3048. Asa is said to be in his 41st year when he dies do I give him 41. Jones gives 40. Technically and precisely, it could be 40.5 but this is no big deal. We are back to even with Jehoshaphat beginning at 3090 AA. My my giving full years for Israel kings, we end up agreeing again. So my way and Jones' way even out. Jones lists Ahaziah of Judah at 3118 AA but I have 3119. I have Jehu IS at 1320 AA. Jones says 3118. He does not appear to give Ahaziah a year to reign before his is killed by Jehu IS as is Jehoram IS. So Jehu IS starts the same time as Athaliah of Judah.

So I am 2 years more than Jones for giving Ahaziah a year which the scriptures require. Jehu has a lot to accomplish in cleaning out the house of Israel, including killing Jezebel. But since Ahaziah starts 1 year later by my account and rules 1 year, we are 2 years off. Jones also starts Athaliah 2 years earlier. So we will remain 2 off for a while in AA dates. Our BC dates are off by 4 years at say, 3115 AA which we both agree on but my BC says -895 and his says -889. We were only 2 off at Reheboam starting. We are dead even at Athaliah's start, despite 2 years difference on the AA dates. But Ahaziah is not given in the BC dates of Jones. I would disagree with this.

I might point out that Jones starts Jesus as born in 4 BC, whereas I select 2 BC. He says Jerusalem fell in 586 BC. I say 587. So our BC dates are a little more off. At Jehoash of Judah, I have 3127 AA, Jones 3125 AA. But our BC dates are the same at 879 BC. Again, I stick close to Judean kings for years and force Israel to accommodate them without compromise. AT Uzziah we are even at BC and I am 2 more at AA. Same at Hezekiah. But in Hezekiah's 6th year, he shows his AA as 3 lower, not giving a full 6 years, but only 5 and his BC date a year more than mine for the same reason. At this point, Israel ceases to be and our Timeline of the 2 lines of kings becomes only 1, with the Judean kings continuing.

What I think this shows clearly, is how the AA and BC dates keep moving around between the 2 of us. Most of the time, we have the same BC dates and our AA dates seem to vary by 2 years because of Ahaziah of Judah, who as best as I can tell, gets cheated a year in his start and in his length of reign as well. That is about the only difference between my rounding years to full years whereas he tries to make Israelite kings match at every juncture and I don't see that as necessary. Only Ahaziah of Judah remains unexplained to me. I believe it would be wisest to stick with Judean kings and not worry so much about Israel aligning in all places so exactly.

I should also point out the meanings of Pro-rex and Co-rex. Pro-rex signifies just one king, the father, with the son acting on behalf of the father without any credit given to him as being the king. Co-rex, on the other hand, signifies that both father and son are king together at the same time. Years when both are reigning, will be assigned to both kings, so that if both had been reigning for 4 years together, then both would show 4 years in their reigns, but the timeline would show 4 years extra which might have to be subtracted from one. Note that Jehoram of Judah only gets credit for his 4 years alone. The rest are given to Jehoshaphat by me and Jones.

3029 AA  Reheboam 17 years 1373 AF 516 EX -977 BC 1 Kings 14: 21
3029 AA  Israel Separates 1373 AF 516 EX -977 BC  
3029 AA  Jeroboam IS begins 22 years 1373 AF 516 EX -977 BC  
3034 AA  Shishak attacks Rehoboam 1378 AF 521 EX -972 BC 1 Kings 14:25
3046 AA  Abijam 3 years 1390 AF 533 EX -960 BC 1 Kings 15: 1-2
3049 AA  Asa 41 years 1393 AF 536 EX -957 BC 1 Kings 15: 9-10
3051 AA  Nadab IS begins 2, Asa 2nd 1395 AF 538 EX -955 BC 1 Kings 15:25
3052 AA  Baasha IS begins 24, Asa 3rd 1396 AF 539 EX -954 BC 1 Kings 15:33
3075 AA  Elah IS # begins 2, Asa 26th 1419 AF 562 EX -931 BC 1 Kings 16:6-12
3076 AA  Zimri IS # begins 7 days, Asa 27th 1420 AF 563 EX -930 BC  
3076 AA  Omri IS kills Zimri, Asa 27th 1420 AF 563 EX -930 BC  
3080 AA  Omri IS begins 12, Asa 31st 1424 AF 566 EX -926 BC 1 Kings 16:23
3087 AA  Ahab IS # begins 22, Asa 38th 1431 AF 573 EX -919 BC 1 Kings 16:29
3090 AA  Jehoshaphat 25 years 1434 AF 577 EX -916 BC 1 Kings 22: 42
3107 AA  Ahaziah IS begins 2, Jehoshaphat 17th 1451 AF 594 EX -902 BC 1 Kings 22:51
3108 AA  Jehoram IS # begins 12, Jehoshaphat 18th 1452 AF 595 EX -901 BC 2 Kings 3:1 1
3108 AA  Jehoram IS Jehrm*'s 2 of 4 pro-rex w/Jshpht 18th 1452 AF 595 EX -901 BC 2 Kings 1:17-18
3111 AA  Jehoram* 1st 4 of 8 Co-rex w/Jshpht 21st 1455 AF 598 EX -895 BC 2 Kings 8: 17
3115 AA  Jehoram* Last 4 of 8 alone begins 1459 AF 602 EX -891 BC  
3119 AA  Ahaziah 1 year 1463 AF 606 EX -887 BC 2 Kings 8: 26
3120 AA  Jehu IS kills Jehoram IS, Ahaziah 1464 AF 607 EX -886 BC 2 Kings 9
3120 AA  Jehu IS begins 28 1464 AF 607 EX -886 BC 2 Kings 10:35
3120 AA  Athaliah 7 years 1464 AF 607 EX -886 BC 2 Kings 11: 3-4
3127 AA  Jehoash # 40 years 1471 AF 614 EX -879 BC 2 Kings 12: 1
3150 AA  Jehoahaz IS begins 17, Jehoash 23rd 1494 AF 637 EX -856 BC 2 Kings 13:1
3164 AA  Pro-Rex w/Jehoahaz at Jehoash 37th 1508 AF 651 EX -842 BC  
3164 AA  Jehoash IS w/Jehoahaz at Jehoash 37th 1508 AF 651 EX -842 BC 2 Kings 13:10
3166 AA  Jehoash IS Alone for 16 1510 AF 653 EX -840 BC  
3167 AA  Amaziah # 29 years 1511 AF 654 EX -839 BC 2 Kings 14: 1-2
3182 AA  Jeroboam II IS begins 41, Amaziah 15th 1526 AF 669 EX -824 BC 2 Kings 14:23
3196 AA  Uzziah 52 years 1540 AF 683 EX -810 BC 2 Kings 15: 1-2
3223 AA  Jeroboam II IS reign appears to end 1567 AF 710 EX -783 BC 2 Kings 14:29
3223 AA  Zechariah IS # succeeds Jeroboam II 1567 AF 710 EX -783 BC 2 Kings 14:29
3234 AA  Zechariah IS 6 months, Uzziah 38th 1578 AF 721 EX -772 BC 2 Kings 15:8-17
3235 AA  Shallum IS # 1 month, Uzziah 39th 1579 AF 722 EX -771 BC  
3235 AA  Menahem IS begins 10, Uzziah 39th 1579 AF 722 EX -771 BC  
3236 AA  Menahem IS bribes Pul of Assyria  ++ 1580 AF 723 EX -770 BC 2 Kings 15:19
3246 AA  Pekahiah IS # begins 2, Uzziah 50th 1590 AF 733 EX -760 BC 2 Kings 15:23
3248 AA  Pekah IS # begins 20, Uzziah 52nd 1592 AF 735 EX -758 BC 2 Kings 15:27
3248 AA  Jotham 16 years 1592 AF 735 EX -758 BC 2 Kings 15: 32-33
3264 AA  Ahaz 16 years 1608 AF 751 EX -742 BC 2 Kings 16: 1-2
3264 AA  Tiglathpileser attacks Pekah/Israel    ++ 1608 AF 751 EX -742 BC 2 Kings 15:29
3276 AA  Hoshea IS begins 9, Ahaz 12th 1620 AF 763 EX -730 BC 2 Kings 17:1
3280 AA  Hezekiah 29 years 1624 AF 767 EX -726 BC 2 Kings 18: 2
3284 AA  Shalmaneser attacks Hoshea 1628 AF 771 EX -718 BC 2 Kings 18:9
3286 AA  Hezekiah's 6th year 1630 AF 773 EX -720 BC 2 Kings 18: 11
3286 AA  Shalmaneser Hoshea/Israel Falls to Assyria 1630 AF 773 EX -720 BC 2 Kings 18: 11

 


Why Synchronizations Didn't Match
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Asa's reign is a long and stable one for the most part. At the same time, Israel struggles under very unstable conditions as 2 assassinations take place and Ahab is killed in battle. 6 kings of Israel to 1 of Judah. A good (for a while anyway) long reign like Asa's can go a long way in creating a solid stable country. If one is to form a stable chronology, sticking with a stable reign and line is likely to yield better results

3049 AA  Asa 41 years 1393 AF 536 EX -957 BC 1 Kings 15: 9-10
3051 AA  Nadab IS begins 2, Asa 2nd 1395 AF 538 EX -955 BC 1 Kings 15:25
3052 AA  Baasha IS begins 24, Asa 3rd 1396 AF 539 EX -954 BC 1 Kings 15:33
3075 AA  Elah IS # begins 2, Asa 26th 1419 AF 562 EX -931 BC 1 Kings 16:6-12
3076 AA  Zimri IS # begins 7 days, Asa 27th 1420 AF 563 EX -930 BC  
3076 AA  Omri IS kills Zimri, Asa 27th 1420 AF 563 EX -930 BC  
3080 AA  Omri IS begins 12, Asa 31st 1424 AF 566 EX -926 BC 1 Kings 16:23
3087 AA  Ahab IS # begins 22, Asa 38th 1431 AF 573 EX -919 BC 1 Kings 16:29

Below, Ahaziah IS begins 2 years in Jehoshaphat's 17th year. Jehoram of IS begins 12 at what should be Jehoshaphat's 19th, were it 2 years for Ahaziah. But where Israelite kings started their new years and king's years 6 months earlier/later, they end up still in the 18th year of Jehoshaphat, rather than 19. Jehoram of Judah, son of Jehoshaphat, and not to be confused with Jehoram of IS, reigning at nearly the same time, Jehoram of Judah is in his 2nd year of being pro-rex with Jehoshaphat in his 18th year. Jehoram of Judah is said to reign for 20 years but when you add it up, not enough space is allowed by the dates and reigns given in this time unless you observe the connections with the reigns in Israel.

Pro-rex is where a son often runs things but does not have the kingly authority recognized, sort of the son helping out in his father's store, that only the father owns. Co-rex is where both father and son are recognized as legitimate kings who share equally and absolutely. Pro-rex years are not counted by the recorders of their time. But co-rex years are counted for each. Jehoram is spoken of as having 20 years, but only said to reign 8. 4 of those 8 were co-rex and 4 were alone after Jehoshaphat died. So when Jehoram of IS reigns 12 years from Jehoshaphat's 18th year, that would put Jehoram of IS into the 30th of Jehoshaphat except that he died after 25 years. So the last 4 to 5 years were in the same years as the other Jehoram of Judah. It all works out but it is tricky. I did not discover it, either. Jones gets the credit there. I considered all sources and his made the sense that works. I am grateful for the excellent work of men like Jones.

3090 AA  Jehoshaphat 25 years 1434 AF 577 EX -916 BC 1 Kings 22: 42
3107 AA  Ahaziah IS begins 2, Jehoshaphat 17th 1451 AF 594 EX -902 BC 1 Kings 22:51
3108 AA  Jehoram IS # begins 12, Jehoshaphat 18th 1452 AF 595 EX -901 BC 2 Kings 3:1 1
3108 AA  Jehoram IS Jhram*'s 2 of 4 pro-rex w/Jshpht 18th 1452 AF 595 EX -901 BC 2 Kings 1:17-18
3111 AA  Jehoram* 1st 4 of 8 Co-rex w/Jshpht 21st 1455 AF 598 EX -891 BC 2 Kings 8: 17
3115 AA  Jehoram* Last 4 of 8 alone begins 1459 AF 602 EX -895 BC  

The 1st Big Typical Error

Below, we have 2 kings of Israel whose combined reigns would put them far past the dates of the kings of Judah that are given as they are. Jehoahaz IS has 17 and his son Jehoash IS has 16, which together adds up to 33 years. Jehoahaz starts it off in the 23rd year of Jehoash of Judah, not the one of Israel reigning near each other in time. 23 + 33 = 56 years. But Jehoash of Judah only lived and reigned for 40 years and then his son Amaziah takes over. So how do we cut 16 years off? Jones solved this one as well. It is apparent if the Bible is accepted as correct, that Jehoash of IS began his reign in the 37th year of Jehoash of Judah. Jehoahaz of IS would only have been in power for 14 years at this point and have 3 more left, which he got the credit for. His son would have to have been pro-rex, meaning he would not get credit for those 3 years. The only years Jehoash of IS would get credit for would be the years after his father died and Amaziah of Judah took over. That would be the 16 years. So there was a 3 to 4 years of overlap between the father Jehoahaz of IS and son Jehoash of IS.

This is one of those times when one needs to carefully consider all the reigns of Judah and Israel together to make sense of the initial confusion. But most have calculated just the kings of Israel, assuming one right after the other without accounting for overlaps or gaps after. But it they are to harmonized with the kings of Judah and all things must harmonize with the God-protected line of David/Judah and its priesthood and temple and means of tracking the years from Adam to the fall of Judah, then we can see where overlaps must be recognized. If some prefer to not assume what is not actually said, that is their right. But if one insists that the Bible must be accepted as true, then considerations for pro-rex and co-rex reigns will have to be allowed for. This is one of 2 places where nearly all previous Chronologists have goofed up. I never bothered with Israel prior to studying Jones. But he showed me the light, so to speak, and I am most grateful. In a multitude of counselors there is wisdom, right? We call it brain-storming now.

3127 AA  Jehoash # 40 years 1471 AF 614 EX -879 BC 2 Kings 12: 1
3150 AA  Jehoahaz IS begins 17, Jehoash 23rd 1494 AF 637 EX -856 BC 2 Kings 13:1
3164 AA  Pro-Rex w/Jehoahaz at Jehoash 37th 1508 AF 651 EX -842 BC  
3164 AA  Jehoash IS w/Jehoahaz at Jehoash 37th 1508 AF 651 EX -842 BC 2 Kings 13:10
3166 AA  Jehoash IS Alone for 16 1510 AF 653 EX -840 BC  
3167 AA  Amaziah # 29 years 1511 AF 654 EX -839 BC 2 Kings 14: 1-2

Below, We have the very long and stable reign of Uzziah, also called Azariah in the Bible. His son (Jotham) took care of kingly duties in his behalf as he had leprosy due to his arrogance in offering incense at the temple, which he had no right to do according to God's law. Jehovah struck him with leprosy. All the same, the period was solidly run. Now Jeroboam II of IS who was said to reign for 41 years beginning with the 15th year of Amaziah of Judah. This being the case, Jeroboam would be dead in 783 BC, 710 EX. But his death is not specifically confirmed. However, we are told in the Bible and the Bible never lies, that Zechariah reigned in his place. So Zechariah picks up where Jeroboam (II) left off. But another verse says that Zechariah reigned for 6 months in the 38th year of Uzziah when he is killed by Shallum. Either Zechariah was killed after only 6 months of his last year, or perhaps he was reigning from another city such as Tirzah rather than Samaria or something like that.

But the Bible makes it clear that he did pick up right after his father and his father died in what would have been Uzziah's 27th year. But Zechariah is said to have 6 months in the 38th year of Uzziah. The Bible can not be wrong so the 6 months does not mean only 6 months but more like 10 years and 6 months. Zechariah must have died in the 11th month of Uzziah's 38th, for just 1 month later when Shallum is killed, it is said to be Uzziah's 39th year. Consider that if we are right near the turn of a near year for Uzziah and Israelite kings change years 6 months differently that kings of Judah, then we confirm that 6 months, or maybe more like 5.5 months, are had by Zechariah in his year when he is killed. Perhaps it is because Uzziah's year changes after only 1 month that the writer of Kings, Jeremiah, notes that Zechariah has only completed about 6 months of his year when he dies. Sound reasonable? So this solves the 10 year discrepancy many find by trying to calculate the Israelite kings apart from the Judean kings. It does not work. And they will assume nothing without it being plainly stated in the Bible. But the Bible requires us to trust it and will test us to see if we are putting faith in God's word or not.

The 2nd Big Typical Error

This is the other place, the 2nd place where typically, Chronologists have missed the error by assuming only 6 months for Zechariah and having a gap of about 11 years to account for. So with this fixed up, there are no gaps between Judean kings and Israelite kings, other than the typical 1 year or so back and forth between the staggered months of change over between Judah and Israel, with Judah favoring the Spring changeover as ordered by Jehovah and the Fall changeover of Israel, along with the time of a new king, which could take place only a few weeks before or after a king in the other kingdom. Together, these can cause as much as 2 years off when you apply my rule of allowing full years to be accounted for partial years of rule/reign. In the end, it all works out the same.

3196 AA  Uzziah/Azariah 52 years 1540 AF 683 EX -810 BC 2 Kings 15: 1-2
3223 AA  Jeroboam II IS reign appears to end 1567 AF 710 EX -783 BC 2 Kings 14:29
3223 AA  Zechariah IS # succeeds Jeroboam II 1567 AF 710 EX -783 BC 2 Kings 14:29
3234 AA  Zechariah IS 6 months, Uzziah 38th 1578 AF 721 EX -772 BC 2 Kings 15:8-17
3235 AA  Shallum IS # 1 month, Uzziah 39th 1579 AF 722 EX -771 BC  
3235 AA  Menahem IS begins 10, Uzziah 39th 1579 AF 722 EX -771 BC  

Above, It is not surprising that Menahem comes to power by assassination, given his ruthless deeds after as noted much earlier in this article. He lasts 10 years and leaves Uzziah still reigning in Judah in his 49th/50th year.

2 Israelite kings are killed off, but Pekah does reign 20 years before getting killed by Hoshea, another despot of Israel. But Israel was not too bright for in their constant fighting and division, they weakened themselves so bad that they looked like easy prey to Assyria. Hoshea is eventually attacked and after 3 years, is either killed or taken away to Assyria along with the rest of Israel. But recall in the days of Asa that some of Israel came into Judah to live and remained. In addition, it is said that some who were taken from Israel later came back to settle in nearby Judah as well. So Israel continues to have time counted to it, which only stops when Judah stops due to Babylon's conquering it.

3246 AA  Pekahiah IS # begins 2, Uzziah 50th 1590 AF 733 EX -760 BC 2 Kings 15:23
3248 AA  Pekah IS # begins 20, Uzziah 52nd 1592 AF 735 EX -758 BC 2 Kings 15:27
3248 AA  Jotham 16 years 1592 AF 735 EX -758 BC 2 Kings 15: 32-33
3264 AA  Ahaz 16 years 1608 AF 751 EX -742 BC 2 Kings 16: 1-2
3264 AA  Tiglathpileser attacks Pekah/Israel    ++ 1608 AF 751 EX -742 BC 2 Kings 15:29
3276 AA  Hoshea IS begins 9, Ahaz 12th 1620 AF 763 EX -730 BC 2 Kings 17:1

This is important because Ezekiel 4 says that there are 390 years of error on the part of Israel to atone for, and Israel's time would need to extend another 133 years to the end of Judah in order to fulfill that 390, which it does. Israel split off from Judah and became a nation in 977 BC and Judah falls in 587 BC, 390 years after Israel broke off. So the prophecies of Jehovah prove to succeed. I do not involve the Israelite kings in the larger chronology tracking the whole of time. The Judean King line is the golden standard to be used. But Israelite kings need to be addressed to show people that the Bible is not wrong or in contradiction of itself or failed in prophecies. But it does take ever so much care to get it right and it has only been in more recent times that this has happened, thanks to the work of men like Dr. Jones and the many who came before him to help him pick up where they left off and take it further. We all benefit from their labor in behalf of the God and Father of us all.

In addition, we have the example of Israel as a warning to us. She ignored God and paid dearly. What she sowed, she reaped. We can see the divine hand in being more tolerant and protective of Judah, due to selecting her to complete Divine will and purpose. It was essential for the Temple and Priesthood to remain in some form and be recoverable after exile in Babylon, in order to continue and protect the Bible, along with the lineage of Judah and Levi, whereby Jesus could be introduced to serve as God's Holy Passover Sacrifice to pay for mankind's inherited condition of sin. Mission accomplished and now its on to the Prophetic end to finish things up.


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The Chronology of the Judges Period - This period is confusing but it is very understandable once you know the secrets. I got'em!
Biblical Chronology of the Kings - of both the Judean and Israelite kings together, resolving all problems and gaps!
Timelines of Jesus   -  The 483 years - 69/70 weeks of Daniel 9 to the birth, baptism, crucifixion, and resurrection with scriptures supplied.
A Detailed Chronology of the Bible - This covers every little detail along the way, so one can get a perspective of time as well as flow of events. Its a great way to become acquainted with the scriptures very quickly and gain a great oversight of the purpose of God, which is why its linked on this page.



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