Created Mar. 1, 2017 0330
The Exodus Features
The Bible's Exodus Account
The Story of Joseph
Joseph's Bible Account
Joseph in the Famine
Joseph & Pharoah Secular
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This was actually started (barely) in August 2016 to accompany my 3rd plea to God in behalf of 2 children, made on Sep 16, 016. But something or other caused me to forget. October was full of news items, for one. This was promised to God and so I make amends for my poor memory. It is an important lesson. God loves to oppose and humble the haughty and arrogant. He specializes in it! I pray He will do it again, this one for the 2 kids, Alisa and Gabriel.
The Exodus FeaturesBack to Top
The Exodus is the most outstanding event in the Bible. It is also the birth of the nation of Israel, under those dramatic circumstances. In fact, there was lots of evidence left behind to testify to that as well. But it has been suppressed due to its irrefutable nature. I am going to put some of that evidence into this article.
The only event that will ever be bigger than the Exodus, is the one we are about to witness and be a part of, the final judgment of a world gone mad and the salvation of those willing to obey God, the one who called Himself Jehovah, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob/Israel, and Moses, who God raised up to lead and introduce the people of Israel in Egypt to their God and establish a covenant (agreement) with them, that was to last in some manner, forever.
Moses was used by God to establish the formal codified ritual worship that would be required to introduce, verify, and anoint the appointed chosen Messiah, Messiah basically mean anointed as does the Greek word, Christ. Thru this bureaucratic system, laws and records would be kept. Israel was the only nation on earth in its time to make use of the written word, on sheeps' vellum, to record history and all God's instructions and prophets. Most nations made use of clay cuneiform tablets and some stone engravings. There was use of papyrus but it does not last anywhere near as long. But in time, papyrus would become the more common form of recording for both Jew and Christian. It is well within possibility that Israel was the originator of the closely related alphabets of the Phoenicians (Tyre and Sidon) and Greeks.
The Phoenicians get the credit for the alphabet and written language because
the earliest evidence discovered and dated belongs to the Phoenicians.
But 1 or 2 pieces of evidence hardly qualifies as uncontestable. It is the earliest evidence discovered or which survived, but not the earliest lost, necessarily. But we do have evidence in the Egyptian mines in the Sinai region that have an older existence, it would appear, and very similar to the other scripts.
But for sure, Israel has the most impressive amount of recording, continually copied/refreshed, in all of history. The history of the Mediterranean and all around it, is quite vague as far as written records and monuments, before 1200 BC. Even today, the best methods for records and dating are cultural remains excavated in mounds and similar, and dating by association renders chronologies that do not harmonize well.
Since all Israel and the Temple priesthood revolved around writing and recording, at a time when stone was often used or clay, that Israel just might be the true originator of the written alphabet. She was neighbors with Canaan, of whom Tyre and Sidon (both Phoenicians) were descendants of, and the Greeks who were mixed among/along with the Phoenicians in the Mediterranean Sea. So anyone one of them could have been the author, but Israel has the written tradition that the other 2, do not have. FACT.
The fact is that the Bible offers the best insight into those primitive early years of civilization, say from about 2400-1200 BC. A Bible chronology identifies the flood as happening at 2350 BC and the Exodus near to 1500 BC. The Bible does cover the span from 1500 BC to the Kings of Israel and Judah. Most secular histories show little to nothing from 1200 BC to 800 BC. Egypt was pretty uncontested from Rameses II to its fall during Babylon's rise to power at Carchemish, along with Assyria's fall as well. We have some inscriptions and remains from Assyria I but not much in detailed records. Assyria II has much more.
The 1200 BC to 800 BC time is known as a Dark Age. There seems to be no cultural changes between those 2 dates, according to Academia. In comparison with these, The Bible, a history of Israel, among other things, presents a continual narrative throughout that time. Egypt, for example, has an entire Dynasty (the 20th dynasty) where order and record keeping went to hell. After Rameses III, the list has 8 Pharaohs spanning 1163 BC - 1070 BC* accounting for 93 years for the 20th dynasty, a very short period for a "dynasty." it was a period of chaos when many tombs of the previous pharaohs were broking into and robbed. The desecrated tombs and mummies were rescued by the 21st dynasty priests and put into one good size tomb. *From the "Atlas of Ancient Egypt" pg. 36, Baines and Malek.
It is well within possibility that there were periods where the was no central rule and each town was its own kingdom with no records recorded. Oddly, Bible Chronology going backwards from the battle of Carchemish in 609 BC to the 20th dynasty of Egypt ending, they say, at 1070 BC. That is in the middle of the reign of King Saul, the first king of Israel and at the end of the period of the Judges in the Bible. The 19th and 18th dynasties are too young if my identification of Akhenaten as the king of Egypt to die at the hand of God/Moses is right, then the 1350 date for Akhenaten and the ~1500 date for Moses and the passover and Pharaoh being defeated are off by 140 years.
Many radiocarbon dates such as the explosion of Mt. Thera are significantly older than the cultural associations indicate. Tree Ring dating says far older than the radiocarbon dates do. Same for some Egyptian dates as is covered in "Centuries of Darkness," Peter James 1993. I will deal with Egypt more later in this article. I want to cover the Bible account of the Exodus now.
The very honesty plain truth is that Academia, particularly with Egyptologists, are as I see it, a bit dishonest. Their adherence to sound methods of determining the reliability of history and recorded dates and estimated dates are dismal at best. Peter James shows this well. The UK non-profit Society for Inter-Disciplinary Studies, (SIS), a group who is not pleased with job of Academia and also proponents of Immanuel Velikovsky's revisions and theory of the Electrical Universe, have pointed out the total lack of sound procedure and absence of following the Scientific Method among chronologists who account for most all dates based on cultural associations all the surrounding nations around Egypt, and using Egypt's kings lists recorded by various ancient sources and from monuments.
First off, the monuments of the Egyptians were authorized by the Pharaohs/government. Have you ever known a government to be honest? 2nd, many varying ancient sources have widely different accountings of who rules and for how long and when, when added together. Some lists do not mention some pharaohs. Some use different names hard to identify at times. Some add more names. The number are off from each other. The only truly verifiable date is the Battle of Carchemish in 609 BC, that includes the participation of Judah, Egypt, Assyrian, and Babylon, with Babylon gaining victories over Assyria and then Egypt. The later Ptolemy's of Egypt would then supply the best records, perhaps.
Now if you had a court case and had 10 witnesses and every one of them had widely different stories, you would have no trial. Especially if they had lots of disagreement with each variance. Yet, we have just that for Egyptian chronology. And we have no agreement with carbon 14 measurements. No tree-ring dates, except with the 1628 BC explosion (a horrific one for sure) leaving pumice in the early 18th dynasty and for Egypt, and no certain associations with astronomical observances.
Despite that, the Union of Egyptologists remain dogmatic in their defense of their Chronology. No science allowed!
Oddly, the Bible happens to have a historical narrative running thru it and some interesting historical intersections with other nations and periods and some very interesting relationship with certain Tree ring dates. The fact it has a continuous historical accounting with verifiable checks with other time period internal accountings, should at least cause it to be an additional reference source to consider for those who make chronologies. They want noting to do with it. Of course, we are talking about a circle and network of professionals steeped in prejudice and hatred of The bible and religion and promote Atheism and Evolution. So their attitudes are hardly professional, academic, or scientific. They are very much in harmony with leftist cultural Marxism and Communism.
But what I will do in this article, is give you the reader, a chance to consider a lot of evidence that the leftist radicals have tried to keep from you. And when I show the material remains and sites from around the regions involved, you might even be impressed.
The Bible's Exodus Account
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These are from the New King James Version (NKJV) for modern sounding language, which was always the form that God intended.
I switched "the LORD" to the more correct original text of original Hebrew Bible to God's original Hebrew Name, translated into English as Jehovah, from 1209 AD to the present. Jews had decided that the name was too holy to say or pronounce. At least that was their excuse for having the arrogance to take that name out. God put it there 7000 times. Surely He must have known what He was doing and surely those who took it out also knew what they were doing.
I think the Bible makes a lot more sense when you understand that God's name was always used before someone decided he and his friends knew better than God and destroyed the name.
I am starting with Exodus 7, which begins the point where God sends Moses to Pharaoh to command Pharaoh to let God's people go to worship.
Exodus 7: Rods become snakes Sign 1: Plague of water turned to blood
1 So Jehovah said to Moses: "See, I have made you as God to Pharaoh, and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet.
2 "You shall speak all that I command you. And Aaron your brother shall speak to Pharaoh to send the children of Israel out of his land.
3 "And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.
4 "But Pharaoh will not heed you, so that I may lay My hand on Egypt and bring My armies and My people, the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments.
5 "And the Egyptians shall know that I am Jehovah, when I stretch out My hand on Egypt and bring out the children of Israel from among them."
6 Then Moses and Aaron did so; just as Jehovah commanded them, so they did.
>>Right off the bat, God knows the result before He starts. Egypt is far too arrogant and haughty to take Moses seriously, even when supported by supernatural events. But God is going to use this circumstance to really put on a show of might and power that would leave evidence, not only in printed word, but in many tangible physical artifacts and places and mysterious events of history noted by other nations.
So it was not just to free Israel and start a nation and formal religion, but also for God to make a name for Himself so that we might put faith in His abilities and powers.<<
10 So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh, and they did so, just as Jehovah commanded. And Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before his servants, and it became a serpent.
11 But Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers; so the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.
12 For every man threw down his rod, and they became serpents. But Aaron’s rod swallowed up their rods.
13 And Pharaoh’s heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, as Jehovah had said.
>>This is an interesting account here. The rod/staff of Moses becomes a snake. Pharaoh calls his sorcerers in to do the same. They did! How about that? Satan was allowed to manifest some mild resistance by allowing Satan's sorcerers to match Moses, well, until Moses snake ate the other 2. But lets face it, turning staffs into snake would be impressive, even today. So Pharaoh and his magicians were not impressed. Not yet, anyway. Again, God knew what the outcome would be. He was really going to pull some stunts here, and as well and just as important, to show how stupid, stubborn and arrogant the Pharaoh was and how stupid Egypt as a whole was, to go along with Pharaoh.<<
14 So Jehovah said to Moses: "Pharaoh’s heart is hard; he refuses to let the people go.
15 "Go to Pharaoh in the morning, when he goes out to the water, and you shall stand by the river’s bank to meet him; and the rod which was turned to a serpent you shall take in your hand.
16 "And you shall say to him, ‘Jehovah, God of the Hebrews has sent me to you, saying, "Let My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness"; but indeed, until now you would not hear!
17 ‘Thus says Jehovah: "By this you shall know that I am Jehovah. Behold, I will strike the waters which are in the river with the rod that is in my hand, and they shall be turned to blood.
18 "And the fish that are in the river shall die, the river shall stink, and the Egyptians will loathe to drink the water of the river."’"
19 Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, "Say to Aaron, ‘Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their streams, over their rivers, over their ponds, and over all their pools of water, that they may become blood. And there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in buckets of wood and pitchers of stone.’"
20 And Moses and Aaron did so, just as Jehovah commanded. So he lifted up the rod and struck the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants. And all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.
21 The fish that were in the river died, the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink the water of the river. So there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
22 Then the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments; and Pharaoh’s heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, as Jehovah had said.
23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. Neither was his heart moved by this.
24 So all the Egyptians dug all around the river for water to drink, because they could not drink the water of the river.
25 And seven days passed after Jehovah had struck the river.
>>Again, the magicians are allowed to perform the same trick but they could not relieve Egypt of the foul water and other consequences of disobeying God/Jehovah. The people of Egypt paid for the sins of Pharaoh. Note that God having a name was handy in that Egypt had many Gods and Jehovah wanted to be distinguished from the pagan Gods and show that He was far more powerful, amazing, and impressive.<<
Exodus 8: Plague 2: The Frogs Plague 3: The Lice Plague 4: The Flies
1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says Jehovah: "Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
2 "But if you refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all your territory with frogs.
3 "So the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into your house, into your bedroom, on your bed, into the houses of your servants, on your people, into your ovens, and into your kneading bowls.
4 "And the frogs shall come up on you, on your people, and on all your servants."’"
5 Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, "Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your hand with your rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up on the land of Egypt.’"
6 So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt.
7 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt.
>>Again, the magicians are allowed to match Jehovah. And all the people of Egypt suffered due to Pharaoh. This will become important at the end. And the magicians would not make the frogs stop and could not overcome the will of Jehovah.<<
8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, "Entreat Jehovah that He may take away the frogs from me and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may sacrifice to Jehovah."
9 And Moses said to Pharaoh, "Accept the honor of saying when I shall intercede for you, for your servants, and for your people, to destroy the frogs from you and your houses, that they may remain in the river only."
10 So he said, "Tomorrow." And he said, "Let it be according to your word, that you may know that there is no one like Jehovah our God.
11 "And the frogs shall depart from you, from your houses, from your servants, and from your people. They shall remain in the river only."
>>I loved this. Pharaoh admits in asking Moses to get rid of the frogs, that Pharaoh's magicians are not able to do so. As well, Pharaoh says he will let Israel go to sacrifice. And to sweeten the deal, Moses tells Pharaoh to pick the time when this should take place so that Pharaoh would know how much control Moses had by Jehovah. So Moses agrees to tomorrow "that you may know that there is no one like Jehovah our God."<<
12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh. And Moses cried out to Jehovah concerning the frogs which He had brought against Pharaoh.
13 So Jehovah did according to the word of Moses. And the frogs died out of the houses, out of the courtyards, and out of the fields.
14 They gathered them together in heaps, and the
16 So Jehovah said to Moses, "Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the land, so that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.’"
17 And they did so. For Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod and struck the dust of the earth, and it became lice on man and beast. All the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
18 Now the magicians so worked with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not. So there were lice on man and beast.
19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is the finger of God." But Pharaoh’s heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, just as Jehovah had said.
>>Well, well, well, the magicians can no longer match Jehovah. The magicians recognized this as being the "finger of God." That is to say, they were impressed, if not a bit scared. But Pharaoh was really stubborn and obnoxious. He did not know enough to come out of the rain or be scared.<<
20 And Jehovah said to Moses, "Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh as he comes out to the water. Then say to him, ‘Thus says Jehovah: "Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
21 "Or else, if you will not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies on you and your servants, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground on which they stand.
22 "And in that day I will set apart the land of Goshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there, in order that you may know that I am Jehovah in the midst of the land.
23 "I will make a difference between My people and your people. Tomorrow this sign shall be."’"
24 And Jehovah did so. Thick swarms of flies came into the house of Pharaoh, into his servants’ houses, and into all the land of Egypt. The land was corrupted because of the swarms of flies.
>>Jehovah now turns up the heat. The plague of flies is sent and Jehovah will not let the flies invade Goshen, where the Israelites live, to further show God's ability to control precisely in any way, how God can distinguish and separate and show Egypt how rotten their own leader is and how he does not care about how the people suffer for his arrogance against Jehovah.
But as you will see next, Pharaoh still turns away Moses and God, not letting Israel go a 3 day journey to sacrifice, but requiring them to remain in Goshen to sacrifice. Moses explains why that will not work. So Pharaoh says OK, go to the wilderness, but not that far (not a 3 day travel). Pharaoh acts like he is the one in power. He has no respect for what he is seeing. He really is a true blue asshole. I seriously doubt that the people or magicians were too thrilled about this.<<
5 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, "Go, sacrifice to your God in the land."
26 And Moses said, "It is not right to do so, for we would be sacrificing the abomination of the Egyptians to Jehovah our God. If we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, then will they not stone us?
27 "We will go three days’ journey into the wilderness and sacrifice to Jehovah our God as He will command us."
28 And Pharaoh said, "I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to Jehovah your God in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away. Intercede for me."
29 Then Moses said, "Indeed I am going out from you, and I will entreat Jehovah, that the swarms of flies may depart tomorrow from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. But let Pharaoh not deal deceitfully anymore in not letting the people go to sacrifice to Jehovah."
30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and entreated Jehovah.
31 And Jehovah did according to the word of Moses; He removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained.
32 But Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also; neither would he let the people go.
>>So Pharaoh backs out of his deal entirely!<<
Exodus 9: Plague 5: The Plague on livestock Plague 6: The Plague of Boils Plague 7: The Plague of Hail/Fire
1 Then Jehovah said to Moses, "Go in to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says Jehovah God of the Hebrews: "Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
2 "For if you refuse to let them go, and still hold them,
3 "behold, the hand of Jehovah will be on your cattle in the field, on the horses, on the donkeys, on the camels, on the oxen, and on the sheep—a very severe pestilence.
4 "And Jehovah will make a difference between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt. So nothing shall die of all that belongs to the children of Israel."’"
5 Then Jehovah appointed a set time, saying, "Tomorrow Jehovah will do this thing in the land."
>>Another plague but this time, God picks the time, not giving Pharaoh the courtesy anymore. And again, it will not affect Israel in Goshen.<<
6 So Jehovah did this thing on the next day, and all the livestock of Egypt died; but of the livestock of the children of Israel, not one died.
7 Then Pharaoh sent, and indeed, not even one of the livestock of the Israelites was dead. But the heart of Pharaoh became hard, and he did not let the people go.
8 So Jehovah said to Moses and Aaron, "Take for yourselves handfuls of ashes from a furnace, and let Moses scatter it toward the heavens in the sight of Pharaoh.
9 "And it will become fine dust in all the land of Egypt, and it will cause boils that break out in sores on man and beast throughout all the land of Egypt."
10 Then they took ashes from the furnace and stood before Pharaoh, and Moses scattered them toward heaven. And they caused boils that break out in sores on man and beast.
11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for the boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians.
>>The magicians do not escape this plague, either. They must be tiring of Pharaoh, no?<<
12 But Jehovah hardened the heart of Pharaoh; and he did not heed them, just as Jehovah had spoken to Moses.
13 Then Jehovah said to Moses, "Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh, and say to him, ‘Thus says Jehovah God of the Hebrews: "Let My people go, that they may serve Me,
14 "for at this time I will send all My plagues to your very heart, and on your servants and on your people, that you may know that there is none like Me in all the earth.
15 "Now if I had stretched out My hand and struck you and your people with pestilence, then you would have been cut off from the earth.
16 "But indeed for this purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.
17 "As yet you exalt yourself against My people in that you will not let them go.
18 "Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause very heavy hail to rain down, such as has not been in Egypt since its founding until now.
19 "Therefore send now and gather your livestock and all that you have in the field, for the hail shall come down on every man and every animal which is found in the field and is not brought home; and they shall die."’"
20 He who feared the word of Jehovah among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his livestock flee to the houses.
21 But he who did not regard the word of Jehovah left his servants and his livestock in the field.
>>Now how about that! If any in Egypt actually fears God (respected the signs of God and His power) AND listened to God and brought their animals inside, got to escape the plague. Jehovah is now reaching out to Egyptians who can grasp the power God has delivered. I suspect, they lost respect for the own gods as well, but it does not say.<<
22 Then Jehovah said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt—on man, on beast, and on every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt."
23 And Moses stretched out his rod toward heaven; and Jehovah sent thunder and hail, and fire darted to the ground. And Jehovah rained hail on the land of Egypt.
24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, so very heavy that there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
25 And the hail struck throughout the whole land of Egypt, all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail struck every herb of the field and broke every tree of the field. >>I suspect the fire was lightning "mingled with the hail. And lightning strikes kill, too.<<
26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail.
27 And Pharaoh sent and called for Moses and Aaron, and said to them, "I have sinned this time. Jehovah is righteous, and my people and I are wicked.
28 "Entreat Jehovah, that there may be no more mighty thundering and hail, for it is enough. I will let you go, and you shall stay no longer."
29 So Moses said to him, "As soon as I have gone out of the city, I will spread out my hands to Jehovah; the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, that you may know that the earth is Jehovah’s.
30 "But as for you and your servants, I know that you will not yet fear Jehovah God."
31 Now the flax and the barley were struck, for the barley was in the head and the flax was in bud.
32 But the wheat and the spelt were not struck, for they are late crops.
33 So Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh and spread out his hands to Jehovah; then the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain was not poured on the earth.
34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain, the hail, and the thunder had ceased, he sinned yet more; and he hardened his heart, he and his servants.
35 So the heart of Pharaoh was hard; neither would he let the children of Israel go, as Jehovah had spoken by Moses.
>>As God said from the beginning, He knew what Pharaoh was and Pharaoh was to be an example for all haughty arrogant leaders for all time. God showed amazing patience with Pharaoh, but mercy and compassion are not appreciated by some. No matter what you do, they can not be appeased or reasoned with. Leftists and Marxists, Elitists, and subversives are all like this. Let this be a warning to them. And to all nations and leaders, as well. God proves that He was very merciful. He was never any more of a bully than He had to be. Pharaoh forced God to be a real SOB and God has no problem with that.<<
Exodus 10: Plague 8: Locusts Plague 9: Deep Darkness
1 Now Jehovah said to Moses, "Go in to Pharaoh; for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, that I may show these signs of Mine before him,
2 "and that you may tell in the hearing of your son and your son’s son the mighty things I have done in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them, that you may know that I am Jehovah."
3 So Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh and said to him, "Thus says Jehovah God of the Hebrews: ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
4 ‘Or else, if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your territory.
5 ‘And they shall cover the face of the earth, so that no one will be able to see the earth; and they shall eat the residue of what is left, which remains to you from the hail, and they shall eat every tree which grows up for you out of the field.
6 ‘They shall fill your houses, the houses of all your servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians—which neither your fathers nor your fathers’ fathers have seen, since the day that they were on the earth to this day.’" And he turned and went out from Pharaoh.
7 Then Pharaoh’s servants said to him, "How long shall this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve Jehovah their God. Do you not yet know that Egypt is destroyed?"
8 So Moses and Aaron were brought again to Pharaoh, and he said to them, "Go, serve Jehovah your God. Who are the ones that are going?"
9 And Moses said, "We will go with our young and our old; with our sons and our daughters, with our flocks and our herds we will go, for we must hold a feast to Jehovah."
10 Then he said to them, "Jehovah had better be with you when I let you and your little ones go! Beware, for evil is ahead of you.
11 "Not so! Go now, you who are men, and serve Jehovah, for that is what you desired." And they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.
>>Look what happened! Pharaoh's servants said to him in essence: "You got to be kidding us! Your sending him away? For what? So that we can all die? This just in! we have been destroyed already. There is nothing left. To us, it would make a lot more sense to let the Hebrews go worship. We are tired of pissing their God off, just in case you care." Pharaoh had alienated his whole court.
But it does not end there. Pharaoh tells Moses (and God, ultimately) "Only the men can go. No women, no kids. Got it?" Arrogance and Haughtiness amplified a hundred fold. Wait till ye see what's coming, ultimately<<
12 Then Jehovah said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come upon the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land—all that the hail has left."
13 So Moses stretched out his rod over the land of Egypt, and Jehovah brought an east wind on the land all that day and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.
14 And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and rested on all the territory of Egypt. They were very severe; previously there had been no such locusts as they, nor shall there be such after them. >>Jesus said the same thing in the same way when speaking of the end of the age in Matthew 24:
21 For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.
22 And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened.<<
15 For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they ate every herb of the land and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. So there remained nothing green on the trees or on the plants of the field throughout all the land of Egypt.
16 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste, and said, "I have sinned against Jehovah your God and against you.
17 "Now therefore, please forgive my sin only this once, and entreat Jehovah your God, that He may take away from me this death only."
>>Can you appreciate what a dirt bag and lying weasel this king was? He had already been forgiven or given another chance, 7 times. Now "only this once." What? Are you kidding me? One can not accuse Jehovah of not being patient and merciful. But Pharaoh would not have it.<<
18 So he went out from Pharaoh and entreated Jehovah.
19 And Jehovah turned a very strong west wind, which took the locusts away and blew them into the Red Sea. There remained not one locust in all the territory of Egypt.
20 But Jehovah hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.
21 Then Jehovah said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, darkness which may even be felt."
22 So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days.
>>3 days is a common period of time. Jesus was dead over a 3 day span and rose the 3rd day. If you look at a concordance, you can find a number of references to 3 days. I list some in my Chronology on Jesus' life and ministry. I'll link it at the end of this article. In fact, the 3 days of darkness may very well foreshadow the 3 days of being dead, in darkness, so to speak.
As you should note below, Israel had lots of light in their houses. I also point out that none or these miracles are the result of the natural undisturbed forces and laws of physics. They were only possible by God violating the laws of physics. I would even suggest to you that on the Xendrius Channel on Youtube, that magicians perform real "violation of physics" magic for you to see. They are the manifestations of Satan and his power and those of his fellow demons.
The things done on those videos and things in the Bible, were all done with instantaneous speed. The healing and restoration of the Earth will also be instant. Not slow and progressive. Many try to eliminate miracles by suggesting natural forces, but that would miss the point God is trying to make. God controls the laws of physics and He can break them as He pleases. In fact, even Satan and the demons can do the same if allowed and to some degree, they are allowed, as we saw with the first 3 plagues.
And the speed is right before your eyes in an instant. God restoration will not be slow. Blink and you'll miss it.<<
23 They did not see one another; nor did anyone rise from his place for three days. But all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.
24 Then Pharaoh called to Moses and said, "Go, serve Jehovah; only let your flocks and your herds be kept back. Let your little ones also go with you."
25 But Moses said, "You must also give us sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to Jehovah our God.
26 "Our livestock also shall go with us; not a hoof shall be left behind. For we must take some of them to serve Jehovah our God, and even we do not know with what we must serve Jehovah until we arrive there."
27 But Jehovah hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let them go.
28 Then Pharaoh said to him, "Get away from me! Take heed to yourself and see my face no more! For in the day you see my face you shall die!"
29 And Moses said, "You have spoken well. I will never see your face again."
>>Now remember Pharaoh say, "just this once!" ? Yet again, he reserves some of the request of Moses, in holding back the animals needed for sacrifice. Unbelievable! He never learns. It will get even better.<<
Exodus 11: Plague 10: Death of all the 1st born
1 And Jehovah said to Moses, "I will bring yet one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. Afterward he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will surely drive you out of here altogether. >>Pharaoh will finally let them all go. But as usual, he will change his mind. His arrogance never departs from him. He will become the most hated Pharaoh in all history!<<
2 "Speak now in the hearing of the people, and let every man ask from his neighbor and every woman from her neighbor, articles of silver and articles of gold."
3 And Jehovah gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants and in the sight of the people.
4 Then Moses said, "Thus says Jehovah: ‘About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt;
5 ‘and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the animals.
6 ‘Then there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as was not like it before, nor shall be like it again.
7 ‘But against none of the children of Israel shall a dog move its tongue, against man or beast, that you may know that Jehovah does make a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.’
8 "And all these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, ‘Get out, and all the people who follow you!’ After that I will go out." Then he went out from Pharaoh in great anger.
9 But Jehovah said to Moses, "Pharaoh will not heed you, so that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt."
10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh; and Jehovah hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
>>Chapter 12: 1-29, God institutes the Passover for Israel, to be kept till the Messiah should be sacrificed as the real passover lamb that actually pays for sin, unlike animal sacrifices. Jesus was sacrificed on Nisan 14, the day of the slaughter of the passover lamb, with night fall commemorating angel of death passing over Israel, but killing Egyptians. The sacrifice of Jesus and the Passover of the Exodus are tied very closely together as is the freeing of Christians after 3.5 years in captivity by the Antichrist and the Beast with 7 heads and 10 horns, the political system.<<
30 So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31 Then he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, "Rise, go out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve Jehovah as you have said.
32 "Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also."
33 And the Egyptians urged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste. For they said, "We shall all be dead."
34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes on their shoulders.
35 Now the children of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, and they had asked from the Egyptians articles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing.
36 And Jehovah had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they granted them what they requested. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
37 Then the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children.
38 A mixed multitude went up with them also, and flocks and herds—a great deal of livestock.
>>This plague broke Egypt's back. Every house lost their firstborn. They were already fed up with Pharaoh before this. This finally sealed the deal for them and Pharaoh, so it would seem. But thee is more to know here. When Joseph was appointed by another Pharaoh (Amenemhet III) about 215 years previous, all the nations surrounding the Mediterranean Sea and some distance beyond it all around, other nations flock to Egypt for grain. The consequence of this prolific trade was that many foreigners settle in Egypt or near Egypt. This is well documented in archaeological research and material evidence.
The consequence was that invaders, which Bible indicates were Assyrian and Donald Redford, Ph.D notes 3 names that were Assyrian in his published writings/research, came into Goshen and set up a kingdom of their own, at Avaris (Tel el-Yahudieh), later to become Pithom and Rameses. These were known as the Hyksos Kings. Egypt had several con-current kings/kingdoms operating in Egypt. It was a bit of a chaotic time. It is the reason that immigration was restricted once the 18th dynasty came into power. They built forts at key entry points to keep people out and keep others (slaves) in.
The 17th Dynasty drove the Hyksos Kings out of the delta and the 18th dynasty soon commenced after. Though Assyria was gone, many foreign settlers and all Israel remained. Israel was enslaved and probably other foreigners as well.
So when Israel was tormented by Egyptians, likely other nationalities were among them or near to them. When the plagues came, I am sure many of these took notice. And some Egyptians did, too. So as verse 8 points out, a mixed multitude went up with them. As well, Israel was instructed to ask for "donations," which were readily granted with glee, just to finally get rid of them and their God.
The same thing will happen when Christians are let free after being in camps or prisons for 3.5 years under the antichrist. He dies and the Christians are let free and receive some sort of compensation, it would appear, much like what we read of here in Exodus 12. More on that to come.<<
Exodus 12: 39-51 are more instructions from God about the Passover.
The instruction continues in Exodus 13: 1-16, then we get back to the narrative of Israel leaving Egypt in verse 17 below.
17 Then it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, "Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war, and return to Egypt."
18 So God led the people around by way of the wilderness of the Red Sea. And the children of Israel went up in orderly ranks out of the land of Egypt.
19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for he had placed the children of Israel under solemn oath, saying, "God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here with you."
20 So they took their journey from Succoth and camped in Etham at the edge of the wilderness.
21 And Jehovah went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so as to go by day and night.
22 He did not take away the pillar of cloud by day or the pillar of fire by night from before the people.
>>God chose the longer route, so as to not scare the people, but I also think that God saw other things, too. The Red Sea was going to make a far greater show than any other choice. God knew of a shallow path across the Red Sea that no man would be aware of, 1000 feet beneath the water. God supplied a pillar of cloud by day and pillar of fire by night. Surely such supernatural event would put the people at ease, right? Well, it should have, but it did not. This was not a very bright people. They could not comprehend that they were seeing the supernatural in front of them. It was not like this was something happened all the time or that they had heard of many times. It was unheard of. Like nothing before it.<<
1 Now Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
2 "Speak to the children of Israel, that they turn and camp before Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, opposite Baal Zephon; you shall camp before it by the sea.
3 "For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, ‘They are bewildered by the land; the wilderness has closed them in.’
4 "Then I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, so that he will pursue them; and I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, that the Egyptians may know that I am Jehovah." And they did so.
>>Jehovah tell the people His game plan so that they know before hand, what it is so as not to get scared. You can't do much more than that. They just needed to trust.<<
5 Now it was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled, and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people; and they said, "Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?"
>>Ah, the morning after regret. Who is going to do all our labor now? Oh no! We are not going to have to work, are we? Its beneath our dignity. Lets go get them back and put them back to work, the lazy slaves. Look how quickly they forgot the plagues of Jehovah. Did they want God back in all His fury? I don't think they thought about it. All they thought about was that they had no slaved to do all their work. Did they think the slaves liked it? Again, they did not care if the slaves liked it.
This is about power and
privilege. They reason in their hearts that they are superior and its justified
and that slave can not handle freedom and fairness and they, the Egyptians, are
appointed by the God to rule and use others. Even today, the Global Elite and
top 10% believe much the same. This is that haughty arrogant obnoxious belligerent
elitist attitude that all enslavers and despots have. The willingness to
disregard human suffering and refuse any sympathy, empathy, or compassion and
sense fairness and equality.
Their desire to use others and avoid working hard or working at all, causes them to ignore and neglect the circumstance of those being used and enslaved with harsh demanding expectations. There is no reasonableness in it. They push humans to their very limits and beyond. This is the face of evil. This is how people can be lead to tell God to go to hell, as Pharaoh did 9 times. Need I say more?
Jehovah's lesson here is that He will not tolerate arrogant heartless bastards. And that while this was 1500 BC and time would continue for another 3500 years plus, that someday God would wipe out all all trace of heartless cruelty and lack of compassion and empathy for others. Yes, it is slow in coming from the 1500 BC perspective, but come it would and those living today need to give this serious thought, because just as surely as Pharaoh and all his army were wiped out in the Red Sea, so all like them will also die in the final days. We will know then who is who and what is what.
There is nothing more important to God than mercy and compassion for others and to evaluate their position evenly and equally with your own position. If you find more cause for their position than your own, then you defer your inferior needs to their more important needs. God loves justice and and fairness in all things. He practices it Himself.
God is going to let Pharaoh ride right into a trap to be a lesson for all eternity.<<
6 So he made ready his chariot and took his people with him.
7 Also, he took six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt with captains over every one of them.
8 And Jehovah hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel; and the children of Israel went out with boldness.
9 So the Egyptians pursued them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Hahiroth, before Baal Zephon.
10 And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians marched after them. So they were very afraid, and the children of Israel cried out to Jehovah.
11 Then they said to Moses, "Because there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you so dealt with us, to bring us up out of Egypt?
12 "Is this not the word that we told you in Egypt, saying, ‘Let us alone that we may serve the Egyptians?’ For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than that we should die in the wilderness."
>>Remember the Pillar of cloud and of fire? Did they forget? Did they forget the 10 plagues? It would almost seem so. What would you have done? Will you do it when the time comes? When they want to take you to concentration camps or prisons? Maybe some to execution? Moses quickly moves to comfort them next.<<
13 And Moses said to the people, "Do not be
afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation of Jehovah, which He will accomplish
for you today.
For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall see again no more forever.
14 "Jehovah will fight for you, and you shall hold your peace."
>>OK, we have got to have a hear to heart here. Do you believe that Jehovah can and will fight for you? Does He have the power? Do you trust Him? Or do you want to run out with your rifles and ammo and fight Pharaoh? God has promised that He will fight for us if we obey Him in whatever He tell us to do. Are we willing to trust? many are not. But you will have to decide what you will do.
One further note. The Egyptians coming for God's people will never be seen again forever. Let me explain that. This is the so called sin against the spirit, the manifestation of God's action and power. There is no excuse for Pharaoh and his army to not have sufficient reason to respect God and His power. they saw 10 horrific plagues and a pillar of Cloud and of fire, and still they do not hesitate to pursue, not just God's people, but God himself, Jehovah.
It is possible that there is a nation, or force in the world today, that is just as arrogant and obnoxious as Pharaoh was? Is there a problem so wicked and outrageous that it begs for God's punishment to humble the most arrogant and haughty of men and forces? You now, I believe there is or could be. Is it possible that yet again, for the benefit of the whole world as a witness, for them to make a decision about God vs Satan, that Jehovah might humiliate the most outrageous and evil bastards to ever stain the earth with their urine? And might it also be that the evidence for the Exodus might finally be reveal in all its detail and glory as a final warning of what is about to take place on the earth. I would suggest there is a strong possibility of such a thing. I will quote Moses from above verse 12: "Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation of Jehovah, which He will accomplish for you" soon!<<
15 And Jehovah said to Moses, "Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of Israel to go forward.
16 "But lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it. And the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.
17 "And I indeed will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them. So I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, his chariots, and his horsemen.
18 "Then the Egyptians shall know that I am Jehovah, when I have gained honor for Myself over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen."
>>I am going to suggest that not only will Jehovah gain honor over Pharaoh then, but that all will be forced to see the evidence of that event presented to them now in the last days as a witness to all the world, to warn all the haughty, self-righteous, and arrogant that Jehovah will not tolerate such wickedness much longer. I aim this more particularly toward the UK and the Global Elite. You are about to be exposed like never before.<<
19 And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them.
20 So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night.
>>Right off, the hand of God was so obvious in its operation. Egypt could not see Israel. And Egypt dared not try to pass. And Israel felt sheltered as God held Egypt off. Would that have been enough for you to finally put faith in God? I hope so.<<
21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and Jehovah caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land, and the waters were divided.
22 So the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
23 And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
>>Now I have to ask, would you have gone down into and between the 2 walls of water if you were in the army? Wild horses could not have dragged me down into that. Two Walls of water? Yeah, that happens all the time, right? The level of defiance and contempt, the pompous bloated arrogance and haughtiness. It is without limits!<<
24 Now it came to pass, in the morning watch, that Jehovah looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He troubled the army of the Egyptians.
25 And He took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty; and the Egyptians said, "Let us flee from the face of Israel, for Jehovah fights for them against the Egyptians."
26 Then Jehovah said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen."
27 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So Jehovah overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.
28 Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained.
>>I have the evidence of this event! I said, I have the evidence for this event. I'm serious! This and much more. You just wait!<<
29 But the children of Israel had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
30 So Jehovah saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.
31 Thus Israel saw the great work which Jehovah had done in Egypt; so the people feared Jehovah, and believed Jehovah and His servant Moses.
>>If I provide the evidence for this event, will you, too, believe Jehovah and Moses? And Jesus?
Below is the song of triumph that Israel sang as it rejoiced in a truly amazing and astonishing event. The praise is to a God worthy of such praise. An event that would not be rivaled until the final judgment that is not far from us any longer.<<
1 Then Moses and the children of Israel sang this song to Jehovah, and spoke, saying: "I will sing to Jehovah, For He has triumphed gloriously! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea!
2 Jehovah is my strength and song, And He has become my salvation; He is my God, and I will praise Him; My father’s God, and I will exalt Him.
3 Jehovah is a man of war; Jehovah is His name.
4 Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea; His chosen captains also are drowned in the Red Sea.
5 The depths have covered them; They sank to the bottom like a stone.
6 "Your right hand, O Jehovah, has become glorious in power; Your right hand, O Jehovah, has dashed the enemy in pieces.
7 And in the greatness of Your excellence You have overthrown those who rose against You; You sent forth Your wrath; It consumed them like stubble.
8 And with the blast of Your nostrils The waters were gathered together; The floods stood upright like a heap; The depths congealed in the heart of the sea.
9 The enemy said, ‘I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; My desire shall be satisfied on them. I will draw my sword, My hand shall destroy them.’
10 You blew with Your wind, The sea covered them; They sank like lead in the mighty waters.
11 "Who is like You, O Jehovah,
among the gods?
Who is like You, glorious in holiness,
Fearful in praises, doing wonders?
>>I want to point out that there are many pagan gods out there and throughout history. How many of them have something of this proportion to brag about? How many of them have been able to predict the future? Zero! Prophecy? Unheard of! Only Jehovah as these bragging rights. Hard to believe the Israel and Judah could leave such an amazing God behind and embrace such as asshole as Satan or one of his many sock puppet pagan gods.<<
12 You stretched out Your right hand; The earth swallowed them.
13 You in Your mercy have led forth The people whom You have redeemed; You have guided them in Your strength To Your holy habitation.
14 "The people will hear and be afraid; Sorrow will take hold of the inhabitants of Philistia.
15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be dismayed; The mighty men of Moab, Trembling will take hold of them; All the inhabitants of Canaan will melt away.
16 Fear and dread will fall on them; By the greatness of Your arm They will be as still as a stone, Till Your people pass over, O Jehovah, Till the people pass over Whom You have purchased.
17 You will bring them in and plant them In the mountain of Your inheritance, In the place, O Jehovah, which You have made For Your own dwelling, The sanctuary, O Lord, which Your hands have established.
18 "Jehovah shall reign forever and ever."
19 For the horses of Pharaoh went with his chariots and his horsemen into the sea, and Jehovah brought back the waters of the sea upon them. But the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea.
20 Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took the timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
21 And Miriam answered them: "Sing to Jehovah, For He has triumphed gloriously! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea!"
Next I present my evidence for the Exodus being a real historical event recorded in the material evidence left behind and in written records as well.
My Discoveries of the Exodus
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|Back in the 80s, I used to visit the used book shops once in
a while. My tastes were odd so I did not have to worry about competition.
I tended to look for odd Bible translations. I got Young's Concordance
that way. I watched the Psychology and History sections, too. In a
shopping visit in 85 or 86, I scored to very important books, one a
psychology book that would really change my whole outlook and
understanding. That was Dr. Arthur Janov's "The Primal Scream."
1970. The other was an interesting looking history book, rather large in
size. Its pictured on the left.
I had wondered about the history of the Scots and the Celts at the time and thought maybe this might give me a few pointers and broaden my knowledge of history more, with a bit of focus on the British Isles, where most of my heritage lies. This book is 11 inches tall. Its heavy, being thick quality gloss paper. Beyond that, I had no expectations. It and the other book I mentioned, sat in a waiting line. 1st up was Janov's book in April 87. Then later that year, I started in on this book on the left. I could not believe what I came across.
I present the 2 pages so you can see what I saw. But I will place the enlarge text sections after. 1450-1400 B.C. Egypt becomes an imperial power and
1450-1400 B.C. Egypt becomes an imperial power and . . . extends its sphere of influence -- Facing pages 40-41
These two pages opened my eyes in later 87. It was a short summary of
everything I could hope for. Below is the situation just prior to Egypt's big
growth. The Nile river was the success behind Egypt. Further, all civilization
was rather young at this point. That is what is described just below in the 2
Book: Forty Centuries
The Story of Joseph (weaved into history)
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Egypt gained a lot of territory in the 12th dynasty, mostly due to Sesostris III (A Grecianized form of his name). Greek literature conforms to its own conventions rather than those of the native language. In direct Egyptian translation, the name is spelled as Senusret III or even Senwosret III. Most translators favored Greek writers and sources since that language was the common one of a vast region for 3 millennia or close to it. My theories place Joseph as being in charge in the reign of Senusret III's son Amenmenes III, also spelled as Amenemhet III. I select Amenemhet III as the Pharaoh of Joseph. Manfred Bietak of the University of Austria in Vienna, wrote a book, "Avaris - The Capital of the Hyksos" 1996 British Museum. During the reign of Amenemhet III, Egypt experienced an explosion of growth in imported goods. Two million (that's not a typo!) amphora type jars were excavated at the site of Tell el-Daba in the Egyptian Delta, the land of Goshen in the Bible. Thee is nothing else ever in Egypt to equal that, ever!
Below shows the rise of the 12th dynasty and the fall that came after. They
do not identify what caused the fall. We will forgive them but I suspect they
did not dare say when those who came after the 12th dynasty suffered a break
down. They were over-run by various immigrants. But why was everyone flocking to
Egypt? I'll get to it. But the 2 columns below sum it up fairly nicely. Egypt had been
overcome, but only for a brief time, in reality. No one has ever been able to
offer any kind of credible accounting of the various little kingdoms that were
numbered 13-16, after the 12th dynasty. I suspect they were all very short in
Book: Forty Centuries
The period that Egyptologists call the 2nd Intermediate period, was a a breakdown and splintering of power. In all likelihood, the 13th, 14th, 15, and 16th dynasties all existed near to the same time, ruling various parts of the Egyptian delta, the land of Goshen. It had a number rivers from the water of the Nile River that emptied out in to the Mediterranean Sea. Those who invaded very much desired ports/harbors that joined the Sea. More to come on that. Leaving the Delta and heading up river, which originates from the south in the highlands of Ethiopia, beginning near to the Pyramids, where the Nile first branches, we get into Egypt proper, the land of Thebes, still ruled by the pharaohs. This is more inland and southward into Africa.
But I want to back up and get into why Egypt grew so much and then collapsed so thoroughly. This involves the Bible story of Joseph, Son of Israel/Jacob. God in His great foresight, wanted to preserve and protect His chosen people/race, of whom He chose, because they were descendants of Abraham, who God loved for his total faith and obedience to God. God foresaw the children of Jacob and all the varying circumstances they would be in. In this, He foresaw Jacob's flaw of favoring by a significant amount, an excessive amount, his favorite wife (Rachel) and her sons and the jealousy that would result on the part of Jacob's other sons by Leah. These were not things that God could just bypass. Thought God can favor His servants who are deserving, He can not spoil them or prevent them from experiencing the bad of life as well as the good. These were the terms likely agreed upon by Jehovah and Satan. In fact, Satan will often test God's servants, to see if they are truly worthy of blessings from God. To some degree, Satan likely even feels jealousy toward God's loved ones.
The Story of Jacob begins really, in Genesis 27 to the end of Genesis, which is chapter 50. Chapter 29 begins Jacob getting married and having kids, with the focus on Joseph. God foresaw a use and purpose for Joseph. God saw the right heart and the circumstances of trial and testing that would also serve God and Joseph, too. God immediately started giving a couple visions (dreams) to Joseph but Jacob did not recognize them for their significance, but he did find the dreams noteworthy of remembrance. But he sort scolded Joseph for the dreams. His brothers continually hated him for his favored status with Jacob.
The eventual result was that Joseph's brothers and their jealousy became too much so they were planning on killing him but when a caravan of traders come along, they sold him into slavery as a result. The caravan made its way to Egypt. I am going to throw out a few things here. Joseph experience a major trauma in this action. He lost his parents, seemingly forever, and was now a slave in a foreign land with no pity. For a guy destined by god to greatness, this was not a very good start. Joseph, of course, may or may not have had any communication with God. There are things coming up that might suggest that God did have come words of consoling and encouragement. I'll point them out when we get there.
But the overall experience had to be heart-breaking. Those of Joseph's brothers, such as Levi and Judah, lived to their late 130s. Joseph lived to 110. Joseph lived 25 years less of life due to the cruel things that happened to him. On the other hand, Joseph had a glory that the rest could not touch. and Joseph had the approval of God more than any of his brothers or anyone else in the world, for that matter. And he was the one who enabled the preservation of the lineage of Jacob and Abraham for God's purpose and plans. Joseph played a major role in world history as well. I know many people who would take that deal any day and to hell with 25 years from 135 or so. I'd take it myself.
But this is really the superlative definition of "long-suffering." We weather the bad things that happen because in the distant long-term, it will seem as nothing. And there is the respect that God has for those who suffer for His name. Do you remember His name? He has one! J-e-h-o-v-a-h ! These are important things to teach kids. All trials have a purpose. and for kids to later be effective adults, they must learn the lessons of patience and long-suffering. Its also called delayed gratification. Spoiled children never learn this valuable outlook. Having a long term outlook is the only thing that can prevent us from falling for outrageous credit and lending interest that take most of our money. Lowering expectations is also good.
Joseph is the first of two kids born to Rachel, Jacob's favorite by far. God had blessed Leah and Rachel remained barren for sometime. Jacob eventually recognize that this was from God. In Genesis 30:22, Finally, Rachel has a child of her own, Joseph.
Now again, to explain as it might have been, vs. the way it was explained, God can do anything. But what He does often depends on what we do. Rachel was not bearing children while Leah got pregnant practically every year. And Leah had Jacob impregnate her slave girl as well. Rachel shares her slave girl to compete. There was a rivalry there between the 2 sisters. But Rachel might have been naturally unable to get pregnant. or it was a case of doing so rarely. God could even heal her if He wanted. He stop her from getting pregnant, but in most cases, God allows the situations at hand, and because He chooses to let those situations continue, He speaks of it as if He was causing it to be that way. He does this because He wants if very clear that He is fully in charge and sees all things past and present and can intervene and change them if He wants and He sometimes does.
Whatever the case with Rachel, she finally has a son, Joseph. but it would be Joseph that God would find the most good in and the one God selected to have serve Him in protecting Jacob and his family in the years and 2 centuries to come and many more after that. Joseph was likely even planned by God and might tweaked by God to be able to fulfill a special purpose and mission.
Genesis 35:1, Jacob's family moved to Bethel to live at the order of Jehovah, Himself, God of all things. 35:16-20, they move from Bethel and on the way, Rachel goes into labor with Benjamin, but she dies in labor, but Benjamin lives.
Joseph's Bible Account
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Genesis 37:1 begins the story of Joseph in earnest.
1 Now Jacob dwelt in the land where his father was a stranger, in the land of Canaan.
2 This is the history of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brothers. And the lad was with the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives; and Joseph brought a bad report of them to his father.
3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age. Also he made him a tunic of many colors.
4 But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peaceably to him.
>>Jacob/Israel might have caused himself and Joseph some trouble in his very noticeable favoritism. All parents have various weknesses and we can see Israel's. We saw it with Rachel, too. What I would take from this is that while we might favor someone a bit more than others among our child or if we men had multiple wives, is that Having favorites is one thing, but a man should be always on the lookout for not being too one-sided in their affections. God looks after all His servants. If He is partial, it is only in rewarding merit. If you merit reward. God is not slow to grant that reward.<<
5 Now Joseph had a dream, and he told it to his brothers; and they hated him even more.
6 So he said to them, "Please hear this dream which I have dreamed:
7 "There we were, binding sheaves in the field. Then behold, my sheaf arose and also stood upright; and indeed your sheaves stood all around and bowed down to my sheaf."
8 And his brothers said to him, "Shall you indeed reign over us? Or shall you indeed have dominion over us?" So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words.
9 Then he dreamed still another dream and told it to his brothers, and said, "Look, I have dreamed another dream. And this time, the sun, the moon, and the eleven stars bowed down to me."
10 So he told it to his father and his brothers; and his father rebuked him and said to him, "What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall your mother and I and your brothers indeed come to bow down to the earth before you?"
11 And his brothers envied him, but his father kept the matter in mind.
12 Then his brothers went to feed their father’s flock in Shechem.
>>The said thing here is that God Himself gave the dreams to Joseph. Joseph was a victim of being more worthy of rewards than his brothers. Jealousy and Envy often know no bounds or limits.<<
13 And Israel said to Joseph, "Are not your brothers feeding the flock in Shechem? Come, I will send you to them." So he said to him, "Here I am."
14 Then he said to him, "Please go and see if it is well with your brothers and well with the flocks, and bring back word to me." So he sent him out of the Valley of Hebron, and he went to Shechem.
15 Now a certain man found him, and there he was, wandering in the field. And the man asked him, saying, "What are you seeking?"
16 So he said, "I am seeking my brothers. Please tell me where they are feeding their flocks."
17 And the man said, "They have departed from here, for I heard them say, ‘Let us go to Dothan.’" So Joseph went after his brothers and found them in Dothan.
18 Now when they saw him afar off, even before he came near them, they conspired against him to kill him.
19 Then they said to one another, "Look, this dreamer is coming!
20 "Come therefore, let us now kill him and cast him into some pit; and we shall say, ‘Some wild beast has devoured him.’ We shall see what will become of his dreams!"
21 But Reuben heard it, and he delivered him out of their hands, and said, "Let us not kill him."
22 And Reuben said to them, "Shed no blood, but cast him into this pit which is in the wilderness, and do not lay a hand on him" —that he might deliver him out of their hands, and bring him back to his father.
23 So it came to pass, when Joseph had come to his brothers, that they stripped Joseph of his tunic, the tunic of many colors that was on him.
24 Then they took him and cast him into a pit. And the pit was empty; there was no water in it.
25 And they sat down to eat a meal. Then they lifted their eyes and looked, and there was a company of Ishmaelites, coming from Gilead with their camels, bearing spices, balm, and myrrh, on their way to carry them down to Egypt.
26 So Judah said to his brothers, "What profit is there if we kill our brother and conceal his blood?
27 "Come and let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, and let not our hand be upon him, for he is our brother and our flesh." And his brothers listened.
28 Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.
29 And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
30 And he returned unto his brethren, and said, The child is not; and I, whither shall I go?
31 And they took Joseph’s coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood;
32 And they sent the coat of many colours, and they brought it to their father; and said, This have we found: know now whether it be thy son’s coat or no.
33 And he knew it, and said, It is my son’s coat; an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces.
34 And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days.
35 And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said, For I will go down into the grave unto my son mourning. Thus his father wept for him.
36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh’s, and captain of the guard.
>>Reuben felt horrible. But what was done was done. They made it look like falling prey to an animal. Israel could not be consoled. I have no doubt that the boy had not considered the possible results of heartbreak. Truama for Israel and Trauma for Joseph and I imagine Reuben flet horrible knowing the truth. He would end up scolding them all later in Egypt.<<
Worth noting is the tunic of many colors. I gather there was a pattern of some sort. Later we will see drawings or paintings of those living in the delta region of Egypt. These might well be Israelites. As well below, verse 16, this law no doubt was influenced by the evil done to Joseph. It is forbidden by people of God to enslave others. But among the many nations, slavery has been with mankind from the beginning and as well, there are more kinds of slavery such as charging interest on loan, even outrageous amounts of interest. Quite literally, extreme multiple layers of interest, not only on loans but on the issue of printed money, can literally destroy a nation and render a people broke and starving, even to the point of death. We all live under that now, thanks to Satan and Babylon the Great Whore.
NKJV: Exodus 21:
15 "And he who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.
16 "He who kidnaps a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, shall surely be put to death.
17 "And he who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.
NKJV: Genesis 39: with LORD changed to Jehovah:
1 Now Joseph had been taken down to Egypt. And Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him from the Ishmaelites who had taken him down there.
2 Jehovah was with Joseph, and he was a successful man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian.
3 And his master saw that Jehovah was with him and that Jehovah made all he did to prosper in his hand.
4 So Joseph found favor in his sight, and served him. Then he made him overseer of his house, and all that he had he put under his authority.
5 So it was, from the time that he had made him overseer of his house and all that he had, that Jehovah blessed the Egyptian’s house for Joseph’s sake; and the blessing of Jehovah was on all that he had in the house and in the field.
6 Thus he left all that he had in Joseph’s hand, and he did not know what he had except for the bread which he ate. Now Joseph was handsome in form and appearance.
I got a little lesson here. Jesus often tried to teach people how to reason and understand how God thinks, feels, and reacts. How to look beyond the obvious and discern what follows, based on what we are told. But the key is asking the right questions and then seeking the answers to those questions. "I wonder why . . ."
Joseph had a horrible thing happen to him in being sold. Ripped from his dad, rejected by all but Reuben, though I do not know if Joseph understood that or not. And sold into slavery where your life is guaranteed to suck! And everyone is a foreigner and you'll have to learn the language. Did God comfort Joseph. I ask because it was God that gave the dream to Joseph. Would it not be the right thing to do, on God's part? I think so. But it does not say. God is leaving it up to you. What do you think about Him? As well, when Joseph is framed by a bitch, God likely assured him to be patient, at the least.
But events turned bad as Potiphar's wife was very attracted to Joseph and kept trying to get him out of his clothes and into her bed. Egyptians were not noted for strict monogamy and the rich tend to be loose, anyway, due to their wealth and circle of similar friends. Joseph would refuse but one time she really pushed hard and grabbed him by his robe and he ran out without it, so he was likely to be seen and asked about so she covered by saying he tried to rape and she screamed and he ran.
20 Then Joseph’s master took him and put him into the prison, a place where the king’s prisoners were confined. And he was there in the prison.
21 But Jehovah was with Joseph and showed him mercy, and He gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
22 And the keeper of the prison committed to Joseph’s hand all the prisoners who were in the prison; whatever they did there, it was his doing.
23 The keeper of the prison did not look into anything that was under Joseph’s authority, because Jehovah was with him; and whatever he did, Jehovah made it prosper.
Once again, Joseph is back on top. God probably wasted no time at all in rearranging the mind of keeper of the prison of the king. Perhaps God even told Joseph that one day, this would be the link to freeing Joseph. More in a minute!
But in the next verses, God allows the unjust circumstances that Joseph fell into, to make His key moves to maneuver Joseph into extraordinary power. God causes dreams to come to two prisoners of Pharaoh of Egypt. My belief is that God likely let Joseph know what He was going to do and what Joseph needed to do.
NKJV: Genesis 40:
1 It came to pass after these things that the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt.
2 And Pharaoh was angry with his two officers, the chief butler and the chief baker.
3 So he put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the prison, the place where Joseph was confined.
4 And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them; so they were in custody for a while.
5 Then the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, had a dream, both of them, each man’s dream in one night and each man’s dream with its own interpretation.
6 And Joseph came in to them in the morning and looked at them, and saw that they were sad.
7 So he asked Pharaoh’s officers who were with him in the custody of his lord’s house, saying, "Why do you look so sad today?"
8 And they said to him, "We each have had a dream, and there is no interpreter of it." So Joseph said to them, "Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell them to me, please."
>>Would Joseph tell them to tell, if he was not sure he could interpret them? No way! He had been told before hand. I'd bet money on it.<<
9 Then the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, "Behold, in my dream a vine was before me,
10 "and in the vine were three branches; it was as though it budded, its blossoms shot forth, and its clusters brought forth ripe grapes.
11 "Then Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand; and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh’s cup, and placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand."
12 And Joseph said to him, "This is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three days.
13 "Now within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your place, and you will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand according to the former manner, when you were his butler.
14 "But remember me when it is well with you, and please show kindness to me; make mention of me to Pharaoh, and get me out of this house.
15 "For indeed I was stolen away from the land of the Hebrews; and also I have done nothing here that they should put me into the dungeon."
>>This was the setup to have the cup bearer reveal to Pharaoh. God would than cause a dream to befall Pharaoh. A dream that had with it a very troubling fearful dread with it that would disturb Pharaoh in a big way and cause him to search frantically for an interpretation.<<
In verse 16, the baker decides to get his dream interpreted, but dream forecasts his death by execution. Whatever he was in for, must have turned out to be true or even worse, whereas the cupbearer must have been found innocent or not of much guilt. Besides, God needed a messenger to Pharaoh, once Pharaoh had his dream. Joseph's interpretations were right on the mark!
NKJV: Genesis 40:
20 Now it came to pass on the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, that he made a feast for all his servants; and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants.
21 Then he restored the chief butler to his butlership again, and he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.
22 But he hanged the chief baker, as Joseph had interpreted to them.
23 Yet the chief butler did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.
>>God knew that would happen. And that would work well for God and His plan. He would let 2 years go by.<<
1 Then it came to pass, at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh had a dream; and behold, he stood by the river.
2 Suddenly there came up out of the river seven cows, fine looking and fat; and they fed in the meadow.
3 Then behold, seven other cows came up after them out of the river, ugly and gaunt, and stood by the other cows on the bank of the river.
4 And the ugly and gaunt cows ate up the seven fine looking and fat cows. So Pharaoh awoke.
5 He slept and dreamed a second time; and suddenly seven heads of grain came up on one stalk, plump and good.
6 Then behold, seven thin heads, blighted by the east wind, sprang up after them.
7 And the seven thin heads devoured the seven plump and full heads. So Pharaoh awoke, and indeed, it was a dream.
8 Now it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt and all its wise men. And Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was no one who could interpret them for Pharaoh.
>>Well, it seems like Pharaoh was a bit upset, wouldn't you say? His spirit was troubled! Ya think? He called for everyone. None could figure it out.<<
9 Then the chief butler spoke to Pharaoh, saying: "I remember my faults this day.
10 "When Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and put me in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, both me and the chief baker,
11 "we each had a dream in one night, he and I. Each of us dreamed according to the interpretation of his own dream.
12 "Now there was a young Hebrew man with us there, a servant of the captain of the guard. And we told him, and he interpreted our dreams for us; to each man he interpreted according to his own dream.
13 "And it came to pass, just as he interpreted for us, so it happened. He restored me to my office, and he hanged him."
14 Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; and he shaved, changed his clothing, and came to Pharaoh.
15 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I have had a dream, and there is no one who can interpret it. But I have heard it said of you that you can understand a dream, to interpret it."
16 So Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, "It is not in me; God will give Pharaoh an answer of peace."
>>You could almost hear Pharaoh say, Well, what are you guys waiting for? Go get him . . . Fast! Feed him good, clean him up and give him new clothes, and be very nice! And make it damned fast. I still know how hang people! Pharaoh tells Joseph the dream.<<
25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, "The dreams of Pharaoh are one; God has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do:
26 "The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good heads are seven years; the dreams are one.
27 "And the seven thin and ugly cows which came up after them are seven years, and the seven empty heads blighted by the east wind are seven years of famine.
28 "This is the thing which I have spoken to Pharaoh. God has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do.
29 "Indeed seven years of great plenty will come throughout all the land of Egypt;
30 "but after them seven years of famine will arise, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt; and the famine will deplete the land.
31 "So the plenty will not be known in the land because of the famine following, for it will be very severe.
32 "And the dream was repeated to Pharaoh twice because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.
33 "Now therefore, let Pharaoh select a discerning and wise man, and set him over the land of Egypt.
34 "Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land, to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt in the seven plentiful years.
35 "And let them gather all the food of those good years that are coming, and store up grain under the authority of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities.
36 "Then that food shall be as a reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which shall be in the land of Egypt, that the land may not perish during the famine."
37 So the advice was good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of all his servants.
38 And Pharaoh said to his servants, "Can we find such a one as this, a man in whom is the Spirit of God?"
>>What we can not appreciate here are the emotions that God was likely affecting in Pharaoh. The interpretation made perfect sense and fit like a glove. Everyone thought that way. Since Pharaoh had struck out with all the magicians and wisemen, Joseph was the only one that appreared to have blessings of a god if not the God and wisdom as well. God likely told Joseph what to recommend and that He, God, Jehovah, would make Pharaoh see the light.<<
39 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Inasmuch as God has shown you all this, there is no one as discerning and wise as you.
40 "You shall be over my house, and all my people shall be ruled according to your word; only in regard to the throne will I be greater than you."
41 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, "See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt."
42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring off his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand; and he clothed him in garments of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck.
43 And he had him ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried out before him, "Bow the knee!" So he set him over all the land of Egypt.
44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, "I am Pharaoh, and without your consent no man may lift his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt."
>>How about that! Joseph ends up the most powerful man in Egypt. As far as Pharaoh was concerned, what Joseph ordered to others was just fine with Pharaoh. Pharaoh also sought out wife for Joseph, and I'm just guessing here, but as far as Pharaoh was concerned, this man was from God and Pharaoh was going to make damned sure that he please God real well by making sure Joseph was treated like royalty, if not better. So I suspect that Joseph's wife was a beauty sought out in Egypt. Opinion were offered and rewards granted to the winner of the man with best looking daughter, which belonged to a priest of On. Josephs was sitting on top of the world. I am going to increase the size of his expression below in verses 51 & 52.<<
45 And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zaphnath-Paaneah. And he gave him as a wife Asenath, the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On. So Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.
46 Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.
47 Now in the seven plentiful years the ground brought forth abundantly.
48 So he gathered up all the food of the seven years which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities; he laid up in every city the food of the fields which surrounded them.
49 Joseph gathered very much grain, as the sand of the sea, until he stopped counting, for it was immeasurable.
50 And to Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, whom Asenath, the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On, bore to him.
51 Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: "For God has made me forget all my toil and all my father’s house."
52 And the name of the second he called Ephraim: "For God has caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction."
53 Then the seven years of plenty which were in the land of Egypt ended,
54 and the seven years of famine began to come, as Joseph had said. The famine was in all lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread.
55 So when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread. Then Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, "Go to Joseph; whatever he says to you, do."
56 The famine was over all the face of the earth, and Joseph opened all the storehouses and sold to the Egyptians. And the famine became severe in the land of Egypt.
57 So all countries came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain, because the famine was severe in all lands.
~>>> Truth1 writing >> Genesis chapters 42-47 begins the story of Israel sending his sons to Egypt to get grain, because of the famine. But he keeps Joseph's younger brother Benjamin home for fear something could happen to him, the last vestige of Joseph and Rachel. It goes on thru chapter 47, where Israel and all his children and grandchildren are brought to Egypt to live with Joseph and be well cared for in the famine that struck the entire region of the Mediterranean and to the north and east as well, and probably southern Africa, too.
Jan. 14, 2017 at 12:52 AM. I am discovering new things in Chronology.
Now it just so happens that the best Bible and secular chronology in the world can be found right here at Truth1. What a coincidence! And I'm so modest about it, too. Aren't I a funny guy? An Overview of Biblical Chronology I'll link this at the end as well.
My calculations, which indicate much of Chronology terminating at the end of the 20th dynasty of Egypt, is 144 years too short. Bible Chrono says 1710 BC for the beginning of the famine and Israel entering Egypt (1708 BC) to begin the 215 sojourn in Egypt, ending with the Exodus and death of Pharaoh in 1493 BC by Bible chronology.
Akhenaton in his year 5 would be 1349 BC and the terminus for the Exodus. The
difference is 1349 BC and 1493 BC is 144 years at this point.
Israel meets, if I am right, Amenemhet III in 1708 BC and the Exodus begins at 1493 BC covering 215 years.
Amenemhets years according to the "Atlas of Ancient Egypt"
BC - 1797 BC.
If we subtract 144 from those numbers we get: 1700 BC - 1653 BC.
Israel arrived and met Pharaoh in 1708 BC, which is just outside of Amenemhet's taking power in 1700 BC. This is not so outlandish. If we assume 20 years reign for the two meeting, we are at 1680, a date only 28 years off. For a span covering nearly 3700 years, that is not so bad.
I thought I would try some other dates and see how close or not they were. For example, we have a solid united date of 609 BC, the Battle of Carchemish. King Josiah of Judah dies in that battle time. Babylon defeats Assyrian at that battle and goes after Egypt and defeats her, too. All all are united in that date.
Another intersection would be King Reheboam of Judah being defeated by Pharaoh Shishak/Shoshenq/Shoshenk I.
Reheboam reigned from 977 BC to 960 BC and Shishak/Shoshenq I 945 BC to 924 BC. The reigns of those 2 are separated by a 15 year open gap. That is not so unreasonable. They are close. Shishak was the first king of the 22nd dynasty. A 15 plus gap is much better than 144 years. so somewhere between Shishak and Akhenaton of the 18th dynasty, the gap went from 15 to 144. That is not so good. But who do we blame?
The Bible is not, as far as we know, written down before the Exodus. We can assume a date near to the Exodus for the records to be written down. I assume Genesis was dictated by God to Moses. For the record, it is not said for sure when. But Abraham could have begun the writing and had it passed down, eventually to Moses, but I think Moses at Mt. Sinai is likely. Moses then took dictation from God at Sinai.
But the Bible ends up being a continuous historical narrative with numbers galore and a recording system kept by an official appointed bureaucracy, the Priesthood. In fact, it is likely as this was such an important part of the formal religion of Israel and God that the documents should be given a fair amount consideration worth considering in a serious and diligent manner. True, it is only a single source, but one copied and renewed over and over again, and all copies showing little mistakes but nothing major from about 1500 BC to 1 AD or 30 AD in the form of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Greek manuscripts as well, though I think those got tampered with with it came to dates. The Hebrew Scripts have been consistent.
Further, the Bibles of today are pretty much identical to what we find in the Dead Sea Scrolls as well as copied manuscripts. of perhaps 1500 AD and maybe a little earlier. These add even more credibility to the soundness of such records and good reason to not dismiss them lightly. But Academia, like the Mainstream Media and its fake news, has no credibility. It will be up to you to make the final call.
It occurred to me on Jan. 15 to take the 1200 BC to 800 BC
Dark age and push it back in time 144 years and I got: 1344 BC to 944 BC,
400 years long. The numbers are generally rounded
and not exactly 1200 and 800 but near to those with times varying just a little.
And then I compared with with the Time of the judges, which was also a chaotic
time of relative darkness.
Secular: 1344 BC to 944 BC, 400 years long
Judges: 1453 BC to 1137 BC, 356 years long Judges started 109 yrs earlier and ends 153 years earlier.
Now the Judges time period on my Chronology, Starts at the Exodus and terminates with Saul becoming the king. But Paul in the bible reckons the Judges period as 450 years, likely including the 40 years of Moses in the desert, and years to Samson and Samuel perhaps accounting for near to 30 years more. But as it stands, ignoring Moses from a judge standpoint and counting him as number of years accounted for, separately, we could have 396 years (practically 400) if we pushed the judges period back 40 years. But then we are not as close to the Secular dates.
What blew my mind about this was that while I was 144 off with the Bible vs Secular with Akhenaton, I had shrunk that gap for the beginning of the Judges and only slightly increased it to the ending. But what really stood out was that there was only a 44 year difference in the length of the 2 periods compared. 44 years difference in accounting for a 400 year span? Delightful. They don't call this a dark age for nothing. Its lacking most types of evidence. It has no real accounting outside of the Bible. Given that we are so far back in time and relatively blind, it is little wonder we still end up an additional 109 to 153 years, added to the 144 adjustment I had made.
I do not think this is a small or unlikely possibility. I think it has some real merit and good possibility. It is the only continuous accounting of time in the world, going back this far and back to the flood, which my calculations from the Bible say 2350 BC and secular tree ring dating suggests either 2354 BC or 2349 BC for the biggest climate disruption in the entire Tree ring record. The two may not be unrelated. As well, there is the 1159 BC climate disruption which falls within both the Secular and Bible dark ages I number 3 paragraphs above.
Sorry but I got to put in a plug for me. Show me one other site anywhere in the world, that has made attempts to reconcile Bible Chronology with key methods of secular science chronology and come up with possibilities, too. I welcome competition and cooperation. But no one has answered yet, after me studying science since 1990 and working at Bible chronology since 2000 with Floyd Nolan Jones being a big help with his book, which I got in 2008. His work was superb, even if not perfect.
I am now going to focus on the account of Joseph some more.
Joseph in the Famine
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Joseph in the Famine
7 Then Joseph brought in his father Jacob and set him before Pharaoh; and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.
8 Pharaoh said to Jacob, "How old are you?"
9 And Jacob said to Pharaoh, "The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage."
>>This may not seem important but 3 dates were weaved into this account quite deliberately. Joseph's age at his appointment, Jacob's age upon his arrival in Egypt and his meeting with Pharaoh. And that the famine had been in progress for 2 years, when Jacob was brought down. And we can also see how bitter it was for Jacob to have lost Joseph for so many years, thinking he was dead.<<
10 So Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh.
11 And Joseph situated his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.
12 Then Joseph provided his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household with bread, according to the number in their families.
>>The land of Rameses was a reference likely edited a the head priest at a later time so that others would know the location. Rameses was among the most notable of the Pharaohs of Egypt, and how did building in the Nile Delta region in the central to eastern part of the delta. The memory of the former dwelling of Israel was likely remembered and the change made to carry on that memory. The material cultural artifacts confirm the material relation to those in Canaan and with Rameses. As well, there does seem to be a curse upon mention of the Pharaoh Akhenaton, although it could be that it was lost but Eusebius had it recorded and it is found hidden in code in the copper scroll found in the Dead Sea scrolls.
The Nile delta was normally a rich fertile region; indeed, the best of the land. And all Jacob's family, who God intended to make a nation, was preserved for the sake of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob/Israel, and Joseph, too, thru his two sons. It was likely due to the famine, that God did not give Israel a nation at that time. They needed to be in Egypt on good terms. With the help of some timely fortuitous dreams, that was brought about.
And it may also be that due to being there in Egypt, Israel would end up in slavery. Well, slavery is better than death by starvation and it would give God the ultimate opportunity to show off and leave evidence behind that would not be rediscovered till near the mid to late 1980s and published in the 90s by book and video. Those discoveries have enjoy some more attention by some Christians so that we have a fine witness to the events of the Exodus.<<
13 Now there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine.
14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, for the grain which they bought; and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.
15 So when the money failed in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, "Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence? For the money has failed."
16 Then Joseph said, "Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone."
17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for the horses, the flocks, the cattle of the herds, and for the donkeys. Thus he fed them with bread in exchange for all their livestock that year.
18 When that year had ended, they came to him the next year and said to him, "We will not hide from my lord that our money is gone; my lord also has our herds of livestock. There is nothing left in the sight of my lord but our bodies and our lands.
19 "Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants of Pharaoh; give us seed, that we may live and not die, that the land may not be desolate."
>>So the Egyptians willingly become slaves due to the famine that God enabled them all to survive, when normally, God would just let nature take its normal course as He usually does. For the sake of His people, God spared all Egypt. The people all became slaves of Pharaoh. Keep in mind that famine often produces hoards of invaders so that a standing army can be rather handy to have.
And in fact, it may have eventually been a weakening army as well as more invaders and immigrants, that eventually brought on the collapse of the 12th dynasty that I believe the Pharaoh of Joseph was in. Hence I add the detail from the bible to show why I believe the 12th dynasty is the time and place for all this that is written about.<<
20 Then Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for every man of the Egyptians sold his field, because the famine was severe upon them. So the land became Pharaoh’s.
21 And as for the people, he moved them into the cities, from one end of the borders of Egypt to the other end.
22 Only the land of the priests he did not buy; for the priests had rations allotted to them by Pharaoh, and they ate their rations which Pharaoh gave them; therefore they did not sell their lands.
23 Then Joseph said to the people, "Indeed I have bought you and your land this day for Pharaoh. Look, here is seed for you, and you shall sow the land.
24 "And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households and as food for your little ones."
25 So they said, "You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants."
26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt to this day, that Pharaoh should have one-fifth, except for the land of the priests only, which did not become Pharaoh’s.
27 So Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions there and grew and multiplied exceedingly.
>>Joseph moved the people into cities, I assume perhaps to make serving them grain much easier and to keep order better as well. The people recognized that Joseph had in fact, saved their lives, although they should have respected his God as well. Most outstanding here is that it is well known among academics that Egypt has collected a fifth of grain every year without knowing exactly when or why it started. There are grain stores built all over Egypt. The evidence seems clear enough but some do not like the idea of God being behind anything. I have more evidence to come, later.
I thought the next account was important for Christians and non-believers alike.<<
19 Joseph said to them, "Do not be afraid, for am I in the place of God?
20 "But as for you, you meant evil against me; but God meant it for good, in order to bring it about as it is this day, to save many people alive.
21 "Now therefore, do not be afraid; I will provide for you and your little ones." And he comforted them and spoke kindly to them.
22 So Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he and his father’s household. And Joseph lived one hundred and ten years.
>>When Israel died, Joseph's brother were a bit concerned that Joseph might retaliate for that they did. Joseph made it clear that he was loyal and obedient to God and that he was not going to play God and exact revenge when it was God's will that all Israel's see was to be protected. I know, his words were few and mine many, but I do believe that is what he was indicating in his few words. Joseph recognized and made it clear to all that while what they did was wrong and hurt, that God saw an advantage to it in that it would enable them all to be saved from starvation and annihilation. And Joseph accepted that. He agreed with God's letting it all take place.
It is absolutely essential that all who serve God and obey Him, understand that God views in and acts in long term ways, not short immediate harm or inconvenience. We need to learn to do the same. Call it part of our education and "programming." Knowing something is not the same as experiencing something. Actually experiencing something lasts forever in some degree. It affects you on a gut level and that is essential. I am switching to regular text now.
>> Truth1 >> As an example, when a man sees a really beautiful desirable woman, all his instincts are gathered and readied to pursue that. Or at the least, to desire her in a big way. His reactions are way overblown and pretty much insane, it would seem. Song lyrics of today might have phrases like "I want you!" "I need you" "I got to have you" Where have you been all my life" "You are unbelievable" A man wants to grab her and immediately have his way with her. Its immediate, impulsive, even explosive at times. All rational thought and self-control go out the window.
No consideration of pregnancy or disease from a lack of morals. No consideration of what the women might be like to live with or if he could put up with her. He knows nothing about her, but he is intoxicated with her. He might even end up being obsessed with her. "I can't live without her!" I'll do anything to get her! To keep her!" What if they have differing outlooks, religions or no religion. Conflicting morals or values. Opposing political views. There is a lot that should be gone over and considered since most of us do not grow up around each other and we meet people we have never known before.
Beauty and sex are great when you don't know them and its the first time. But one people do get to know each other, they find out that not everything is so rosy and OK. The intelligent approach based on careful consideration all all things, might cause two people to decide they would not be good for each other, even though the one-night-stand might be an amazing thrill for a few hours or days.
Our society has gotten into a lot of trouble because our lives are so dissimilar now and we often do not grow up knowing person we consider, all our lives. And puberty does strange things to many so that the person you knew as a child is not the same after those hormones kick in. Most marriages fail and kids are crushed by divorce. Many kids end up with just the woman to raise them. There are a whole lot of reasons why acting in slow careful methodical ways might produce far better results and that giving more consideration to personal qualities and not nearly as much to looks, would also help.
So we need to have an awareness of long term consequences and why some denial or delay of self-gratification might produce far better results. Joseph realized it. God thru His 3500 year book, tries to show us the better way, although to be accurate, to really get the full benefit out of God's Bible, we need to give more careful to what is printed but also what is not said that can be discerned with a more careful and deliberate examination of the many accounts in the Bible.
To be fair, Satan keeps us all busy pondering how to keep our heads above water. Of course, we take on a lot when maybe we should only take on what we can sustain if we get laid off or whatever. But as well, our demise has been something that has taken place over a long period of time and generations. We inherit it. I made a decision that led to my baptism and the goal to serve God as much as possible in my life, since that would pay off after this world was started over.
So I offer to lend a hand to you all, having spent a lot of time pondering the scriptures and life. maybe it will be of help to you and maybe not. Its up to you, really. But we need not think that God does not love us just because we suffer. Much of our suffering might be a good deal of our fault. And even if not, if we are serving God, we can be confident that He manages our lives in a long term manner, not attending to every little inconvenience we have. Next follows a very obscure passage that most do not understand.
3 For thus says Jehovah: "You have sold yourselves for nothing, And you shall be redeemed without money."
4 For thus says Jehovah
GOD: "My people went down at first Into Egypt to
Then the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.
5 Now therefore, what have I here," says Jehovah, "That My people are taken away for nothing? Those who rule over them Make them wail," says Jehovah, "And My name is blasphemed continually every day.
6 Therefore My people shall know My name; Therefore they shall know in that day That I am He who speaks: ‘Behold, it is I.’"
When did Israel go down to Egypt and be oppressed by "the Assyrian"? It was never mentioned in Genesis or Exodus. What is God talking about. I believe that He is talking about the fact that after the 12th dynasty died out, that out of the many who came to Egypt initially, were some Assyrians. Egypt had a number of different races and nations coming to them. Assyria is fairly close to Egypt and this by land. No ships required.
As power waned in Egypt, apparently Some from Assyria saw a chance to take a small region of the Nile delta, the region that Israel was living in. Donald Redford Ph.D. notes in his book on the region from Egypt to Canaan, that 3 of the kings of the Hyksos rulers at Avaris had Assyrian names. No one understood this as best as I can tell. I'll be watching for it. Meanwhile, you have it answered here!
Meanwhile, it should be noted that Chariots had been common and popular among the far north peoples of Celtic and Germanic extraction, the sons of Gomer/Gonar. This technology filtered down to southern areas such as Mesopotamia and Canaanite region. So Assyria made use of chariots and came into Egypt with them. Israel was enslaved by Assyria. In all likelihood, the 17th and 18th dynasties simply took possession of the Israelites as slaves when the Hyksos were defeated by the Egyptians. To the victor go the spoils.
Below is the brief account of the Theben rulers of Egypt taking back the vast and rich Delta region that connects Egypt to the Mediterranean.
Book: Forty Centuries
Below is the reviewing of Egypt taking back the Delta the Nile went thru to empty into the sea. The 18th dynasty recovers their dominance and strength and expands their empire up into the north, to reach the largest size it ever had, before or since. The Zenith of Empire.
Book: Forty Centuries - page 40 ends below before
the "Heyday of Empire" heading below, left column,
and page 41 begins there.
Pg. 40 ends and 41 begins above at "Heyday of empire" above left;
and below right,
we are introduced to the "apostate" Pharaoh, who I say is the Pharaoh of Moses.
Book: Forty Centuries
Is it just an accident that Akhenaton's hymn gets compared by more than one sources as being similar to Moses' Psalm 104 in the Bible? Not as far as I am concerned.
Book: Forty Centuries page 41 finishes.
|It was at page 41 of this book, that I acme across Akhenaton, not looking for him, but recognizing right away that this was the place in time where the Exodus took place. I vowed to look into this all, more in 87 but did not get around to it till 1990. I used this point to look for the Pharaoh of Joseph. Counting back from Akhenaton, I came to Sesostris III and later would read a book that convinced me his son, Amenemhat III was that pharaoh. I'll get to it. I will suggest that Akenaton was not Amenophis /Amenhotep IV but "appointed" to be the pretend Amenophis IV, now dedicated to a new god.|
The real Amenophis IV died in the Red Sea, along with most of the army of Egypt. Egypt was now powerless, without strength or ability to defend herself. She could lose all her territories in the north in Canaan, and could even be attacked. Egypt launched a plan to build a new city for the new God, the Aton/Aten, in a remote part of Egypt along the river so that visiting dignitaries would not see the devastation the plagues of Moses caused and they needed an excuse for Akhenaton not being concerned about political matters anymore.
The hope was that everything would seem fine and they might be able to keep the vassal territories from rebelling. but the vassals were being attacked and they begging for help from Egypt and Egypt gave no answer for she had no army. The Vassals were conquered. The conquerors knew the real situation that had been going around about Israel's migration and invasion. There are letters sent back by the Vassals on clay tablets to inform us of the situation. and Egypt lost her empire that had reached it height in the reign of Akhenaton's father, Amenophis III.
A huge destruction and loss like this is exactly what we would expect from the loss of the army in the Red Sea. So I have no claim to being brilliant. It was really obvious. That no one could see it? They did not want to see or admit it. Christians never bothered to dig in to it, either. I exclude Ron Wyatt from this. He did look and he found plenty but was missing some big parts. The job falls to me to carry on after his death in 1999.
My task now is to show the archaeological records and evidence that I say back up my claims, starting with Joseph's Pharaoh.
Joseph & Pharoah
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We will now address the secular evidence for Joseph and his Pharaoh.
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